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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 87 (April 1947)

General,   pp. 14-20 PDF (3.9 MB)


Page 20

the abolished system theretofore in effect.
Re-education is a great problem for solu-
tion by the enclosure administrators. The
Ministry for Political Liberation, acting
upon the suggestion of the Denazification
Division of this Headquarters, is undertak-
ing the solution of that problem. Distinguish-
ed supporters of democracy will lecture
on topics of current interest, various uni-
versity teachers will speak on non-political
matters and trade schools are being planned.
Representatives of all churches are pro-
vided with facilities for holding religious
observances in the camp, and no internee,
who so desires, has been denied the op-
portunity of worshipping or taking part
in religious activities.
AVhile it is to be expected that a-prison
or internment atmosphere does not inspire
the best in man, the tendency toward im-
morality, petty illegal transactions, and the
like, in the Darmstadt enclosure is not ab-
normal nor alarming. German criminal po-
lice are constantly working in the enclosure
to bring such practices to light and to stamp
them out.
Tribunals are operating daily within the
camp, with well over ten percent of the
inmates' cases heard to date. This record is
not considered unsatisfactlory, when it is
realized that the entire tribunal, and trial
structure and an investigative staff had to
be set up and organized after the turn-over
of the first part of the camp to German
authorities in October 1946. It is possible
that trials would be conducted more rapidly
in home communities of the individuals in-
volved. Serious security problems, however,
dictate caution along these lines.
The operation of the Darmstadt enclosure
is completely German, subject only to the
supervision of Military Government.; This
supervision, however, is being constantly ex-
ercised in order to insure that the best pos-
sible conditions and practices, under the
circumstances, prevail.
It must be admitted that conditions are
far from perfect, but all things considered,
it is likewise true that everything possible
is being done to insure that justice, without
cruelty or unusual punishment, is done to
every internee.
WHAT GERMAN LEADERS THINK (Continued from Page 13)
diate adoption were economic in nature. They
dealt with raising the standard of living,
bettering working conditions, increasing the
food ration, eliminating unemployment, speed-
ing up the distribution and production of
'aw materials and finished products, enliven-
ing international trade, or settling the cur-
rency problems in Germany.
The popular impression was that once Ger-
many is on a sound economic basis, peace
can be considered - from a realistic point of
view - to be sure and lasting. However,
33 percent strongly urged increased coopera-
tion among the Allies. While this was not
stated bluntly, it was contained in such sug-
gestions as "lift zonal barriers" "give Ger-
many just one peace treaty," "settle the atom
bomb problem."   Another minority group
urged the settlement of certain policy and
political problems: "teach democracy to us,"
"give Germany a central government," and
"make the denazification program more just."
The largest group of those making sug-
gestions on a long-term basis for a lasting
peace emphasized the need for inter-Allied
cooperation. Twenty-nine percent urged the
necessity of such cooperation; many of them
broadened the proposal to include "mutual
understanding and confidence among the
nations of the world." Sixteen percent offered
long-range economic proposals and reiterated
the desire for better standards of living, in-
creased import-export trade, and revitaliza-
tion of German industry.
Most long-term suggestions, however, dealt
with the reconstruction of Germany. The
Germans asked, "leave self-administration to
the Germans," "Germany should be united
again to better her living conditions," "take
us back into the family of nations,"' "estab-
lish a truly democratic country," or "give
us Lebensraum."
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