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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 87 (April 1947)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. 4-13 PDF (5.9 MB)


Page 13


specific sections of the population as militar-
ists and capitalists as the only ones who
want to rule the world, while 20 percent
justified such a wish on the grounds that
people were misled by their leaders and did
not realize the implications of their actions.
A few excused the wish by alleging reasons
such as Lebensraum in support of such an
"honest" desire.  Sixty-six percent of the
leaders believed that the few people whc
wanted to rule the world had learned a
lesson from the war and would not support
another German drive for power, should the
occasion arise. However, almost one-third
felt that these would-be rulers would try
again.
The community leaders next were asked to
recall the two most important events that had
occurred since the end of the war, either in
or outside of Germany, which the outcome of
the war has instilled in their memories. Four
out of every 10 named the Nuremberg Trials.
Thirty percent mentioned Secretary Byrnes'
Stuttgart speech. Other events - most fre-
quently cited were the treatment of evacuees.
tests of the atomic bomb, Paris Peace Confer-
ence, collapse of Germany, the first free
elections in Germany, and Churchill's defeat
in the English elections.
Another question involved an estimate of
how much longer the leaders expected the
Americans to occupy Germany. Three-fourths
thought there would be at least 10 more
vears of occupation, and one-fourth anticipat-
ed a period of 20 years. Those who wel-
comed the Americans looked most frequently
for their help in "combatting Communism,
or "keeping peace and. order," br "watching
political developments." or "preventing war
and insuring peace." A few Americans were
needed to teach democracy and re-educate
youth. Those who did not want the Ameri-
cans to stay as long as anticipated felt that
Germany could control herself soon, that the
costs of the occupation were too great, and
*that responsibility could be turned over to
the Germans now to achieve economic unity.
General comments indicated that the presence
of the Americans was desired "until the
world situation is clarified."
Revealing a high degree of concern over
the matter, practically all of the Germans
expressed an opinion of the next question:
"Today a primary problem of the Germans
is the unification of the separate zones of
Germany. In your opinion, which is it more
important to achieve first -- the economic or
political unity of these zones?"  Seventy-
seven percent considered economic unification
more important than political unification.
whereas 10 percent thought the two insepa-
rable. Ten percent favored political unity.
Finally, the community leaders were asked
what steps they felt would be necessary
today and in the future to implement a policy
of lasting peace. Large majorities felt able
to propose steps for both periods. Fifty-five
percent of the proposals suggested for imme-
(Continued on page 20)
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