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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 86 (March 1947)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-15 PDF (7.1 MB)


Page 15

vilians, and in expomts to.pay for food and
eoausume# foods to  ep th    ms idive.
t as zver and ,  e these Aot bhat G~er-
many costs the British tax-payer 80,000,000
pounds.(a   rximately 320,000,000 dollars)
last year.
if more of us took more trouble to keep
abreast of facts, we would stand a greater
chance of succees in the sympathy campaign.
It is because of this conviction that the
writer takes it upon himself to suggest an
answer to two common attacks. The answer
will not be the only answer, nor will it
necessarily be completely true, for "what is
truth?", but it will be a sincere answer, and
no German argument today will pass the test
of sincerity.
POW QUESTION
You will hear many Germans say "The
British talk about humanity but still retain
350,000 POW's as slave labour."
The answer is that the war which Nazi
Germany started, spread through her ambi-
tion for world domination, to every country
in the world. Germany lost the war, but left
countless countries starving and in chaos. In
order to restore order nand supervise the
dlistribxrtim of w4ief food (Egiaaid is ode of
thef sbsciers toJ-to.     R    BWoia's
manpower had to be kept deployed all over
the world.  In order to feed the English
people and thus release grain from Canada
and the United States to prevent Germany
from starving, it was necessary to utilise
POW   labour on English farms.   As the
British Army demobilises, German POWs
are now being repatriated at the rate of
15,000 a month. A recent scientific survey of
returned German POWs showed that the
latter, far from considering themselves 'slave
labour' were almost unanimous in praising
their humane treatment.
Again you will hear - "Present-day Ger-
man politicians are just as self-seeking as
the Nazi leaders were - what Germany
needs is a new and better leader."
In answer to this it should be made clear
that the present-day German politicians were
elected by the Germans themselves in the
Kreis and Gemeinde elections. They were,
presumably the best the Germans could find.
What Germany needs is a new approach to
leadership, and a desire to lead itself.
PROPERTY CONTROL (Continued from page 10)
In identifying property owned by US nation-
als, captured records of the German Alien
Property Custodians, who functioned under
the Nazis, were -a source of valuable infor-
mation. As US nationals' properties were
identified in other zones of occupation, the
British, French, or Russian Property Control
officials were requested to take appropriate
action to safeguard them.
After months of occupation, the original
interim rules for Property Control were fi-
nally modified. In May 1946 authority
and responsibility for administration of the
program were transferred to screened Ger-
man civilians, with ultimate supervisory
powers retained by Military Government.
In addition the new regulations provided
that German custodians over property own-
ed by US nationals may not be appointed
or removed nor can such property be releas-
ed-from control, without prior approval of
the Land Property Control Chief .
The problem with respect to property
owned by US nationals is essentially one of
interim custodianship until such time as the
individual owner can assume responsjbility
for the property. Certain obstacles existing
at present, such as the Trading with - the
Enemy Act and travel and communication
restrictions, indicate that it will probably
be impossible for American owners to as-
sume full control over their property in
Germany for a considerable length of time,
or until these problems are solved.
15


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