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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 86 (March 1947)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-15 PDF (7.1 MB)

Page [10]

the United and Neutral Nations Section of
the Branch. The other sections of Property
Control Branch include: German Property,
Claims, and Accounts and Audits.
Under the rules and procedures set forth
in MGR Title 17, Property Control may in-
clude use, possession, custody, occupancy,
protection, maintenance, conservation, and!
or supervision. It does not normally include
taking title to property. The type of con-
trol imposed at any time is a matter within
the discretion of the US MG Land Property
Control Chief, unless otherwise specified by
higher US authority.
The Property Control Branch has been
functioning since before the surrender of
Germany. As the US Army entered Ger-
many, MG Law 52 was issued, containing
substantially the same provisions as Joint
Chiefs of Staff Directive 1067: Property
owned or controlled directly or indirectly,
in whole or in part, by US nationals (among
others) was declared to be subject to seizure
of possession or title, direction, management,
supervision, or other form of control. Re-
sponsibility for the enforcement of the law
was placed upon persons having custody or
control of the property; all persons were
prohibited from making transfers of such
property, and transfers made in violation
of the law, then and in the future, were
declared to be void.
Upon the promulgation of Law 52, prop-
erty owned by US nationals was automat-
ically  "blocked".  Thereafter  Property
Control Branch took such property under
control and operated it through duly ap-
pointed custodians (usually Germans), who
were under the immediate supervision of US
personnel. Properties thus taken over in-
cluded industrial plants, housing projects,
bank accounts, jewels, paintings, publish-
ing houses, and the income derived from the
operation of some of these units.
During the early stages of the occupation
there was uncertainty as to the status and
location of US-owned property in Germany.
As an interim measure, therefore, it was
considered necessary to prohibit, or block.
all transactions in such categories of prop-
erty and to declare all property subject to
seizure pending a sorting out of the prop-
erty and the formulation of policies with
regard to the long-range action to be taken.
(Continued on page 15)
The "Deutscher Verlag" at Berlin-
Tempelhof, one of Berlin's largest
printing plants and home of "Der
Tagesspiegel," US-licensed news-
paper.       Photo by PRO OMGUS

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