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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 74 (January 1947)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 24-43 PDF (10.3 MB)

Page 25

Democrat, which said it is "quite proper"
that the next session of the Council be held
in Moscow, since previous meetings have
taken place in London, Paris, and New York,
concluded that "much needs to be ac-
complished before then, not the least im-
portant item being creation of a government
for the German people. Without that, no
treaty can be signed. And before any such
administration can be set up, the Soviet
Union, France and Britain and the United
States will have to effect a unity of control.
The four occupation zones must abandon
their policy of separatism. America and
Britain have paved the way by joining their
zones into a united German program before
any hope for a Reich peace is possible."
Baltimore Sun, in another editorial, said
in part: "Both Soviet Russia and the western
powers know how great are the stakes in
the shaping of Germany's future. There are
temptations to 'use' Germany -  and they
have been manifest during the period of
occupation - as a pawn in the dangerous
rivalry between East and West. Such efforts
in so far as they succeed, will only serve to
perpetuate discord; yet almost certainly they
will be encountered at every step in the
peace-treaty negotiations.
"The rivalry which inspires them, how-
ever, is also in the long run the best protec-
tion against them. That is why we must
expect each step in the German settlement
to be taken slowland to the accompaniment
of much bargaining."
Norfolk Ledger-Dispatch, observing that
while it is difficult now to appraise the
smaller power -treaties agreed upon by the
Foreign Ministers, said:
"The most significant immediate demon-
stration is the manner in which despite
difficulties this task was accomplished. That
is a fact to be kept in mind as the Ministers
turn to the German treaty. They are sure
to encounter disagreements there.
"As they do, it will be well to remember
that the disagreements, not the agreements,
attract most of the attention and that in the
midst of angry debate much may be rising
almost unnoticed behind the outward strug-
gles. We advance slowly, but we advance."
UN General Assembly
American editorials generally regarded
the recently concluded General Assembly as
having made fruitful contributions towards
the attainment of world peace. They linked
the accomplishments of the Council of
Foreign Ministers with that of the assembly
in taking this optimistic position.
Papers stated that not only had the
Assembly given voice to world opinion, but
in doing so it had pointed the way to a
better world, particularly by its resolution
to regulate and reduce armaments. And they
felt that during the sessions closer agree-
ment had been cemented between east and
west, brought about in the main by Russia's
The New York Sun said: "In bringing to
a close the 54-day assembly, President Paul-
Henry Spaak observed that its delegates
could carry home with them a message of
confidence, of hope and pride in all that
has been accomplished. Few will be disposed
to take issue with him . ...
"Speakers in the concluding hour laid
greatest stress on the disarmament resolu-
tion   the agreement 'in principle' on hav-
ing the Security Council work out details
of disarmament. This unquestionably was
the major step toward world peace taken
at the 1946 meeting. And there were such
other major accomplishments as the creation
of the organization to care for refugees, the
formation of a Trusteeship Council and the
selection of a permanent home. But tran-
scending these.... was a spirit of deter-
mination to prove that an international body,
developed on democratic lines in which the
smallest as well as the largest may be heard,
can and must be made to work."
Baltimore Sun: "The basis of optimism
lies partly in the accomplishments of the
assembly itself, partly in the accomplish-
ments of the Council of Foreign Ministers
- and most of all in the conciliation spirit

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