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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 74 (January 1947)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 24-43 PDF (10.3 MB)

Page 24

Consideration of GermanPeace
Treaty Welcomed by US Press
The decision of the Council of Foreign
Ministers to meet in Moscow in March to
deal with the question of Germany's and
Austria's future was widely commented on
in American newspapers.
Editorials welcomed the fact that no
further delay will be forthcoming on the
problem that is vital for European security
and world peace. Many declared that freedom
of the press and the air - so that the world
can be adequately and quickly informed of
the discussions - was one of the essential
prerequisities for fruitful deliberations.
The Baltimore Sun said in part: "Schedu-
ling of definite dates and the preparation of
an agenda are encouraging signs. It has
long been apparent that the stability of
Europe would have (to wait on) permanent
decisions regarding Germany. Work on the
treaties with smaller enemy countries was
begun first in the belief that it would make the
approach to the German question easier.
Whether that purpose has been served re-
mains to be seen.
"But at least the real tasks of peace-
making are now booked for the early part
of next year; the readiness to set dates and
success in drawing an agenda indicate a
degree of harmony which is promising."
Christian Science Monitor said that when
the Ministers begin the task of drafting
terms for Germany "the key phase of the
liquidation of the war will be at hand." The
Monitor continued: "The future of great
power cooperation may well hinge upon
how successfully the two most powerful
systems of government reconcile their dif-
ferences over Germany. The significance of
this cannot be over-rated.
"For the machinery of nascent world gov-
ernment, the approach to disarmament, and
the efforts towards atomic control - all
these will be deeply
and the atmosphere
negotiations evoke.... Secretary Byrnes has
already made a firm beginning in proposing
that occupation troops be reduced to garrison
strength. For overswift American deploy-
ment has placed the western Allies in a
greatly disadvantageous strategic position in
Germany. Clearly this can now be remedied
only by insistence that the Russians reduce
their own occupying forces to a level com-
parable with those of the United States,
Britain and France.
"But in reducing troops to a security level
the basic fact must not be lost - that long-
term occupation of Germany is the requisite
to guarantee the reformation without which
the peace would be lost.
The New York Times: "These settlements
(on Germany and Austria) may contain the
seeds of peace or war, of life or death.
Every human being has a right to know
how each is arrived at and just what is in
it. Freedom of the press and closely related
freedom of the air have never been more
important than they will be in Moscow next
"Secretary Byrnes has now had from
Foreign Minister Molotov what are thought
to be definite assurances that outside cor-
respondents will have facilities at the
Moscow Conference comparable with those
they had at Paris and in New York. We
hope that these assurances will be put on a
definite and detailed basis before the con-
ference opens."
On the -same point, Louisville Courier-
Journal said: "This is the big show, the
meeting designed to produce peace treaties
with Germany and Austria. There will be
no greater news event in the world than the
deliberation that means the conference must
be reported in full, with no interference
from censorship."
An editorial in the St. Louis Globe-

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