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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 62 (October 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. 4-13 PDF (5.5 MB)

Page 12

w      thee US portion. of thegroip, should
be particularly gratified in that in order to
tf --this the eportable surpluses from the
British Zone are many times what they are
from the American Zone. In other words,
our British partners, seeing the. over-all ad-
vantage,' have certainly sacrificed, an im-
mediate benefit that they have for the good
of the whole and I believe another encour-
aging sign toward the possibilities of inter-
national cooperation for the good of the
whole instead of just for the' benefit of a
part. and personally, the great hope is, of
course that the beneficial results of that eco-
nomic unity in that sector will prove that
others will want to join in order to enjoy
the resulting advantages, so I think this
example is another encouraging sign along
the general line about which I just spoke
to you.
Coming back to Germany, after having
been gone just about a year, in other words
having left just a few months after the end
of the shooting war, I have been struck, all
the way through the American Zone that I
have seen and here in Berlin, with the pro-
gress that has been made in cleaning up the
mess and getting started again. I hear the
story of industries of various types getting
started sufficiently well and some exports
can be realized in order to pay for the im-
ports that they need. There is an atmosphere
and evidence of activity, productive activities
in the fields, and cities that I think is very,
very encouraging.
The great policy that we started some
months back of putting responsibility in the
hands of the local German communities I
think is paying dividends - certain reports
show that it has. The policy of giving the
greatest amount of freedom to the German
press, I think, is paying dividends. I realize
there are difficulties in the way of making it
free all at once and the fact that certain
restrictions have been imposed has resulted
in some criticism, but I am told that very
shortly there are to be published liberaliza-
tion policies- of the freedom of the press
I- don't know whether it affects the whole of
Germa'ny, I wasn't told that, but at least the
US section.:
I am convinced that if we are going, to..
achieve'. finally the objective of teaching
these people, the way of life and leading
them into practices that we call democratic,
we must make them practice it. We can't
do it by any medium of force.
As a particular incident that was most
gratifying to me, just recently, one ofnthe
Ministers -President in talking to a - high
American official and speaking of military
occupation said, "Well,mnaturally, no people
like occupation and I am not going to say
we like it," but he did say that the results
achieved and the attitudes taken  by  the
American authorities and the American Army
are so commendable and so understanding
that in his opinion they are establishing and
helping to establish a few standards. That
was not said at the expense of any other
Zone for the reason that this Minister Pres-
ident didn't know what was going on in
the zones-but I will assume he spoke so
freely about American Forces that to a
certain degree it applies to all occupation.
As in the past we again have evidence that
international cooperation is not a satisfac-
tory issue in the world but it is something
that is growing and should produce con-
tinuously better results.
Now, I want to talk just a bit about the
press. Through three years of war I had
no complaints about the press and I believe
at one time there were 943 press represen-
tatives including the radio in our theater.
Our relationships were fine and conducted on
the basis that they were equal staff officers
of the headquarters. They .had a respon-
'sibility and we had one and tried to be onA
some common ground in order to get the job
-done. In the early days of the occupation,
immediately after the shooting was over,
I must say that when my cohorts and I
received what we considered an unnecessary
(Continued on page 19)

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