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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 57 (September 1946)

Press and radio comment,   pp. 26-27 PDF (1.0 MB)

Page 26

_A           ,
US Position on World's Oil
Supply Approved by Press
The first American press reaction to US
proposals for international cooperation in
development of world oil, as expressed by
State Department officials in a radio broad-
cast, voiced support of the idea and urged
prompt follow-up steps.
The participants in the broadcast pointed
out that the Anglo-American oil agreement
was a start toward international oil coopera-
tion, but emphasized that the agreement pro-
vided only a good statement of principles.
These principles should be extended under
UN to those who are willing to accept them
and should be implemented in such a way as
to assure orderly production and distribution
of the world's oil in the future.
The editorials also praised the Department
for its frank presentation of facts on the
US oil position and its effect on US diplo-
macy. Some editorials urged immediate steps
to insure an adequate US oil supply at all
The Washington Post said, "A hopeful de-
velopment in the US foreign policy is the
expressed determination of State Department
officials to press for United Nations control
over the development of the world's oil re-
sources. If war is to be prevented, causes of
war must be removed, and uncontrolled com-
petition for the world's oil supply is cer-
tainly a potential cause of war . . .
"Until such an international authority is set
up, we have no choice but to defend contrac-
tual rights of our nationals in the oil busi-
ness . . . We believe the irritating disputes
will be settled, but a fair settlement will
come more quickly if we demonstrate . . .
that we support international action to re-
move power politics from international oil."
The Philadelphia Inquirer, saying the
principle in the US proposal "should be
pressed vigorously," added: "No one can
suppose that sett      tiy
over oil to give all nations afit
would assuredly remove all dangers of war.
But that course would remove or greatly
relieve one of its greatest present-day caus-
es . . . Perils in an unrestrained struggle
for the world's oil are so great and so mani-
fest that some equitable means of achieving
a fair system of control and distribution must
be found, for the safety of all nations, large
and small."
The New York Herald Tribune said, "If
the scramble for oil is to be avoided some
form of international control is essential.
The State Department advocates such a con-
trol, under the United Nations . . . Uni-
lateral action . . . is too dangerous in an
integrated world."
The St. Louis Post-Dispatch declared,
"The State Department broadcast . . . makes
clear one of the basic rivalries among na-
tions. It confesses that this country, once the
richest oil reserve of the world, must now look
elsewhere for its needs. It shows that Russia
is in the same boat. And everyone knows
that oil is the basis for national security."
Peaceful Europe
In a recent broadcast over CBS, Lyman
Bryson, news comentatoi, said, "If Germany
can be kept peaceful, there is a fair chance
that all of Europe can be kept peaceful. If
Germany can be made prosperous and peace-
ful at the same time, the European economy
can be healthy again . . .
"The American policy in Europe is not
easy to describe because we are evidently
not serious in carrying out any policy, and
our actions are open to severe criticism from
all observers. Here at home, it seems the
American people are no longer much in-
terested in curing Germany of militarism and
evil ambitions. We seem to be indifferent,
and the critics of our operations say that it

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