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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 56 (August 1946)

Press and radio comment,   pp. 24-[27] PDF (2.6 MB)


Page 25

extent simulated. Maybe the signatories
were anxious to put before China the gravity
of the situation in hope of galvanizing
support for'their mediatory efforts.*. The
job of working through-the Nanking gov-
ernment for unification is a Russian as well
as American responsibility.
"The commitment is contained in the Sino-
Soviet pact of August, 1945; it pledges
Moscow to render China moral support and
assistance with military equipment and other
material  resources,  this  support  and
assistance to be given fully to the national
government as, the central government of
China.
"Perhaps conditions have changed since
the pact was signed. Very well. Let Mos-
cow and Washington get together on the
new arrangement. Better still, let Moscow
be asked to join with this government in a
demand upon Chiang Kai-Shek to take new
steps in prevention of conflict.... A joint
demarche on these matters might yet hold
China back   from  the brink of official
war ....
Paris Conference
Renewed emphasis was placed by the
American press on the efforts of the small
nations at the Paris Peace Conference to
break the Big Four voting power. Amer-
icans, though  sympathetic  with  Byrnes'
reasons for initially supporting the two-
thirds rule, traditionally favor the underdog
and like the spunk shown by Evatt, Spaak,
and others in opposing Big Power domi-
nation.
Editorials pictured the basic issue as the
need for marshalling "world opinion", or
"moral force" or the "conscience of man-
kind," as a factor mitigating the naked plav
of power. However, some observers defend
the two-thirds rule on "realistic" grounds
as a virtual necessity in view of the division
of interests represented at Paris. Max
Lerner of the Mutual Broadcasting System
discounts the issue and would have the
small powers take their "militant stand" on
more important questions of economic 'se-
curity, internal political freedom in all
countries and international control of the
atom bomb.
Peace is a Goal
The Philadelphia Inquirer   commented,
"Perhaps we were premature in celebrating
the advent (of peace) a year ago. Perhaps
what'we had then was not the substance of
peace, but only a fragile promise of it, still
to be attained.
"A disillusioned world is only beginning
to learn   the hard way -   that peace is
not made permanent by the defeat of one
enemy, or by the termination of one war,
and it must be struggled for even more ar-
duously."
Similarly The New York Herald Tribune
said: "For all the disillusion brought by the
first year since guns and bombs fell silent,
there have been- some solid and hopeful
achievements as well. Although the physical
and moral ravages of this struggle were
vastly greater than those of the first world
war, there has been less chaos and confusion
in the effort to meet' them.' In all- western'and
northern Europe and in the; United States
liberal democracy has shown much deeper,
stronger vitality than could reasonably have
been expected; in vast areas under Russian
domination there has been an order and re-
constructive energy which... supply a
better basis for new settlements....
"Ultimate solutions will differ from' the
dreams of the fighting years; they will be
less perfect, more difficult than men had
hoped.... but a year after war's end there
is no reason to believe that solutions are un-
attainable still less to doubt the value of
the immense sacrifice."
UNRRA Needs Successor
Representative US newspaper editorials
commenting upon the reaffirmation 'at. the
Geneva meeting of the UNRRA council that
UNRRA will go out of existence in Europe
at 'the end' of this- year and in China on
31 March 1947, generally' concluded -that
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