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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 56 (August 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-[17] PDF (8.0 MB)


Page 14

Y E A R : A -F T :ER V10CT OR Y
America Desires Esfablishment of Just and Lasting Peace;
Looks to Paris Conference for Realization of that Aim
T he United States marked Victory Day,
as proclaimed by President Truman for
14 August, not with the dancing in the
streets of year ago but by working as usual
in office and shops and kitchens. Rejoicing
of V-J Day has given way before a reali-
zation of the size of the task ahead and a
dedication to that task - a dedication often
shaped in the words of Abraham Lincoln:
"That we here highly resolve that these
dead shall not have died in vain."
The concrete, immediate task seems to the
man in the street to center in the hall in
Paris where representatives of Allied nations
sweat out preliminaries for writing the
peace. The American citizen draws, encour-
agement from  the fact that, for the first
time in the history of such conferences, a full
blaze of publicity is on the peace negotia-
tions. The policy of "open covenants openly
arrived -at" carries with it assurance that
the men at the conference tables will always
keep their ears tuned to the force of world
opinion.
MANDATE TO TREATY-MAKERS
The man in the street feels he has given a
definite mandate to his Paris representatives
to work for a real and lasting peace, not
just an interlude between wars. This man-
date -has been expressed clearly in public
opinion polls, in interest in a world or-.
ganization, in concern for small nations.
A New York Times editorial expressed part
of this thus:
"We are weary of wars and the moral
obligation to intervene in wars. Our whole
foreign policy is based on a will to avoid
them, and if that could be assured without
distant outposts, the average American would
be delighted to abandon them  and come
home.".
In the first relief of victory it was this
will to go home which was strong; men and
women in the armed forces wanted to get back
to their jobs, black to school, back to their
own families. The will to get back to the
climate of peace showed at first in pressure
for release of wartime controls, in rapid
dismantling of our great Army and Navy,
in the rush to produce the goods of every
day life.
PRICE OF LASTING PEACE
Now the- American citizen knows peace
must be bought by understanding and work
and patience as much as it had to be bought
by battles; knows that the task of. rebuilding
a shattered world is as great as that of
turning back a destructive force. Often
inarticulate, he has a deep sense of the in-
nate dignity of mankind and the dignity of
small nations. He wants, to see a world
where this dignity can be maintained.
He did see a month ago, on the anniversary
of his own Independence Day4 the birth of
the IPhilippine Republic, fulfillment of a
promise made by his nation to a people
under its jurisdiction, a promise made in
peace and cemented in the fires of war. He
has read the words of the Premier of
Afghanistan:
"I am convinced. that America's champion-
ship of the small nations guarantees my
country's security against aggression."
He has watched the United Nations grow
from a plan and dream at Dumbarton Oaks
in Washington to reality in New York; has
seen the Charter take a shape which recognized
that dignity of man in which he believes.
Yet he knows that charters, like his own
Constitution, must be lived up to, must be
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