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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 56 (August 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-[17] PDF (8.0 MB)


Page 6

highway transport system back into opera-
tion. Arrangements were made for the return
of captured and impounded equipment to the
German economy. The German authorities
could - and did - immediately set about
getting their vehicles rolling again. As a
general rule spare parts and tires were put
back into normal dealer channels. Repair
facilities were reopened. Unrepairable ve-
hicles were salvaged to increase the stock of
spare parts. -To conserve fuel a program
was undertaken to convert vehicles to the
solid fuel, gas-generator type.
Despite these efforts, it appeared the Ger-
man indigenous highway transport resources
would fall short of meeting requirements.
There was little prospect of any immediate
indigenous production to relieve shortages.
A major contribution to relieve this situation
was the sale to the German economy of
12,500 vehicles from US military stocks. This
allocation included types of vehicles from
jeeps to 22-ton low-bed trailers.
CONTROL SYSTEM INSTITUTED
To insure maximum utilization of highway
transport and avoid wasteful operations, a
strict system of control was instituted. All
vehicle movements were controlled by the
FBL. Maximum loading was obtained by
consolidation of shipments. The increase in
operable vehicles, plus strict control meas-
ures, resulted in a steady increase in tonnage
transported by motor vehicle.
While supervising operations in the Zone,
OMGUS was taking part in discussions with
the other occupying powers with regard to
highway transport policies to be adopted for
Germany as a whole. These discussions have
covered a range of subjects from uniform
budget headings to the establishment of a
central German agency to supervise highway
transport.
Restoration of highways has been less suc-
cessful than was rehabilitation of highway
transport. On VE-day the highways in Ger-
many were in fair condition. The most se-
vere war damage occurred in the. destruction
of bridges but many of the destroyed bridges
were replaced with temporary structures or
detours. Road surfaces suffered; little dam-
age as a result of hostilities, but the- effect of
inadequate maintenance -during 1944 and
1945 was beginning to show.
DETERIORATION OF ROAD NET
Restoration of destroyed bridges has pro-
gressed at a good pace. However, the road
surfaces of the highway net have deteriorated
rapidly. The sole reason is the critical short-
age of materials, in particular tar and
asphalt. The indigenous production in the
US Zone is negligible and imports from other
zones have been far short of the 50,000 to
75,000-ton annual requirement for the US
Zone. As a result German authorities have
been unable to perform adequate highway
maintenance.
The long-range MG plan contemplates one
additional step to establish a "level of econ-
omy" for highways and highway transport.
That level of economy must be consistent
with the general level of economy for Ger-
many. Once it is adopted it will prescribe
the maximum level to which highway trans-
port may build and will free the Germans
to accelerate their activities toward that goal.
Corrigendum
In "The Navy's Job in Occupation" in
issue No. 55 of 19 August 1946, part of one
paragraph was omitted from the published
article. The next-to-last paragraph, as orig-
inally written, should have read:
Besides their main force in the Enclave,
the Navy maintains a small liaison group in
Frankfurt for providing a close contact
between the Commanding General USFET
and the Commander of Naval Forces in Ger-
many. Other small groups are maintained
in Paris, Le Havre and- Antwerp (where
formerly large detachments had been sta-
tioned) for the purpose of handling any
Navy matters which might arise. A liaison
office is also maintained in Vienna for close
contact between the Army in Austria and the
Navy.
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