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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 56 (August 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. [4]-[17] PDF (8.0 MB)


Page [5]


us
tary Government pursued the policy, with
respect to highway transport, of placing
complete responsibility for operations in the
hands of the German authorities. As quickly
as they could organize to assume this re-
sponsibility, German authorities were given
complete freedom of action within a frame-
work of MG policy.
German commercial highway transport had
previously been controlled by two organi-
zations. The llcichskraftwagen Betriebsver-
band controlled long distance trucking. Der
Gueternahverkehr was the agency of greatest
influence in the field of short distance traffic.
Both were strongly influenced by the Nazi
Government and their characteristics were
such that their abolishment was required by
MG policy.   It then became necessary to
authorize and direct the reorganization of
German government authorities in the field
of highways and highway transport.
OUTLINE OF ORGANIZATION
As finally established, the organization
consists of an office to deal with highway
transport at Land, Regierungsbezirk and
Kreis levels. The Land agency is known as
the Bevollmaechtigter fuer den Nahverkehr
(NBV). The Regierungsbezirk office is known
as the Gruppenfahrbereitschaftsleiter, and
ZO N
the Fahrbereitschaftsleiter (FBL) functions
at Kreis level. Coordination of the NBV
offices is effected at Zone level through the
Laenderrat.  Similar offices, known  as
Strassenbauamt, were established for high-
way maintenance.
PRINCIPLES OF POLICY
The next step was to establish the general
framework of basic policy within which the
Germans would be permitted to rehabilitate
the highway transport system. This was
prescribed in MG Regulations, in which the
fundamental principles are:
Highway transport is confined to short
haul traffic that cannot be carried by
water or rail.
Rehabilitation in such a manner as to
create any war potential is prohibited.
Denazification policies are strictly observed.
Only operations necessary for the Occu-
pation Forces and essential German econ-
omy are allowed.
Individual enterprise is encouraged and
government monopoly in the operation of
highway transport is prohibited.
Compulsory government-controlled trade
groups are abolished.
The next important task was to insure
that the German authorities actually got the
TH E


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