University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 50 (July 1946)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 18-20 PDF (1.5 MB)


Page 19

wholly satisfactory...
"All of us agree that what this country
needs is production. Production brings jobs,
good wages, moderate prices... The fact is,
however, that production would not be
stimulated by the Taft Amendment, but
would be greatly impeded..."
The President criticized Congress for delay
in presenting a final compromise bill, and
asked for public support of the adminis-
tration program for a new price control
legislation. As outlined by him, the pro-
posed new measure would include a year's
extension of price controls, with provisions
for "decontrolling" some products as they
came into plentiful supply.
Price Control Appraised
By American Newspapers
United States newspaper comment on
President Truman's veto of the domestic
price control bill and subsequent lifting of
Office of Price Administration regulations,
divided in praise and criticism of President
Truman's action in generally the same pro-
portion in which the papers had previously
backed OPA extension - that is a clear but
not large majority in favor of the Truman
veto.
The main theme underlying the bulk of
editorials, whether favorable or unfavorable,
was that the people of the country are now
in the position - through voicing their
opinions to Congressmen, through voluntary
price control both by manufacturers and
retailers, and through a consumers' strike if
necessary - to tackle the whole inflation
problem themselves. And accompanying this
theme was the attitude that the people of
the United States can and will solve this
serious domestic problem satisfactorily, as
evidenced already by a general nationwide
voluntary control of prices to date.
The New York Herald Tribune pointed
out that inflation brought a consumers' strike
after World War I, and added, "Sellers'
restraint and workers' productivity would
seem to form an indispensable combination
against a repetition of the experience of
1921." An editorial in the paper states Pre-
sident Truman's action "defies explanation"
and that the President had widened the
cleavage between himself and Congress at
a time when there is still much to be done
before adjournment and when he is badly
in need of Congressional cooperation."
The New York Post hails President
Truman for his courage and writes: "Harry
Truman declared war on inflation and re-
jected those whose counsel was appeas-
ment... We hope that the people's will
may prove equal to this."
"The Christan Science Monitor declares
that until greater production applies a com-
petitive brake, only self-restraint of industry
or a buyers' strike the if that fails, can check
inflation's course."
In the opinion of the Wall Street Journal
(New York), "producers and distributors
will act wisely if they subordinate immediate
large profits to price stability, and charge
what will bring them out a little better than
even.
Aftermath of War
The war's mass slaughter, its forced
migrations, its scorched earth and famines
have left 30,000,000 children hungry in
Europe, and 11,000,000 orphans, writes
Sara Lamport of the New York Herald
Tribune.
Maurice Pate, on leave from his post as
Red Cross director of PW relief, who ac-
companied Herbert Hoover on his Famine
Emergency Committee tour of the continent,
recently analyzed the present picture, and
found that one hundred and twenty thousand
tons of proteins, milk and fats are needed to
answer immediate needs. This would supply
the children with 650-calory meals for a
month at the relatively low cost of eight
cents a meal.
In Germany, Dr. Pate found, births have
declined from 14.5 a 1,000 of population in
1938 to 4.5 in February, 1946, and four
times as many children who-had not lived
a full year died in 1945 as in 1938. Sixty
times as many children died of intestinal
19


Go up to Top of Page