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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 50 (July 1946)

[Highlights of policy],   pp. 5-[17] PDF (7.8 MB)


Page 6

Xt 6bl   1i -I" S  ZI o e  Eh- ctt ,-
Number of registered voters  Number of actual voters
Ap3'. riIr-May  30: June!  April-May     30 June
Bvaria:                          3,639,876    3,884,158     2,819,585   
2,786,999!
Greater Hesse                    2,060,682    2,174,759     1,579,775   
1,558,927
W;Irttemberg-RBaden-t           11,723,526    1,771,337   X1,163,952    
1-,208,481
U | ,Zone:-                      7,424,084.   7,830,254     5,563,312   
5,55407|
cept for nominal Nazis. who joied the party
after 1 May 1937.  ,et only -chane intr-
duced fQr the 30 June- elections was, that
persons who. lave been exonerated under the:
LaK for Liberation from; Ntional Sociali-m
and Militarism of 5 March 1946, or who have
been classified as "followers" under that law
and have paid their fines, were allowed to
vote. Actually, the proportion of persons
eliminated from voting for Nazi affiliations
in the 30 June elections did not vary from
the norm of the past - 5ol to 70/o. Bavaria
disqualified 6.60/o of the voters, Greater Hesse
6.4Gb, and Wiirttemberg-Baden 5.5.O/o
GREATER LOCAL INTEREST
From table 2 it is clear that the best re-
sults are to be found in those elections where-
in the greatest local interest lies, the Ge-
meinde and the Stadtkreis. The Landkreis
seems more remote, as does an assembly
which, on the Land level, is about to draw
up a new constitution. Furthermore, there
was a church holiday on Saturday which
made it possible for a summer weekend to be
spent out of town. In Stuttgart a polling
booth was opened at the railroad station at
4 AM to catch early-bird travelers who were
provided with "Stimmscheine." It was not
unsuccessful.  In some circles it has also
been pointed out that the holding of four
elections in so relatively short a time has
wearied the population and emptied the party
treasuries.
These elections were conducted according
to proportional representation whereby each
party received a number of seats proportion-
ate to the votes cast for that party.  In.
Wurttemberg-Baden and Greater Hesse the,
law provides that parties whichf ail to poll
five: percent of the, votes cast should receive
no- seats in. th&, constitutional assembler
These provisions were designed to discourage
splinter parties. It so happened that there
was only one instance of this, the Socialist
Workers' Party which ran candidates locally
in Offenbach, Greater Hesse. The party poll-
ed some 8,000 votes out of a total of more
than a million and a half. It thus failed to
qualify under the five percent rule and there-
fore is not represented in the assembly.
In Bavaria, the 180 members were apport-
ioned among the five Regierungsbezirke. A
total of 333 candidates were put forward by
the five main parties on the Land level. Each
Regierungsbezirk was divided into Stimm-
kreise corresponding to the number of seats
to be filled. Each party was allowed to
nominate only one candidate for each Stimm-
kreis, but a vote for that candidate was also
a vote for his party.
MANNER QUOTA DETERMINED
The quota to be elected was determined in
the following manner. The total number of
valid ballots in the Regierungsbezirk was di-
vided by the number of seats plus one. Thus,
for example, in Niederbayern-Oberpfalz,
which was allotted 47 Stimmkreise, the total
number of valid ballots was divided by 48.
The quota thus derived was then divided into
the number of votes which each party got
throughout the Regierungsbezirk, thus giv-
ing the number of seats which the party won.
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