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Military government weekly information bulletin
Number 49 (July 1946)

Press and radio comments,   pp. 34-40 PDF (3.5 MB)

Page 35

possible "for the first time, development of
reliable world statistics and drawing up of
a world economic balance sheet as a basis
for action."
8. Communications and Transport: The
Council endorsed a world telecommunications
conference having bearing on development
of freedom of information.
San Francisco led the peoples of the United
States and other United Nations in the cele-
bration of the first anniversary of the signing
of the United Nations Charter.  In this
birthplace of the Charter, a mass assembly
gathered in the opera house and heard an
address by UN Secretary-General Trygve
Mr. Lie said that the first year of life of
the United Nations should be viewed "as we
might view the life of a human being. The
important thing is that we shall be sound of
body and of mind - that we preserve and
develop means by which we shall be able
to accomplish the purposes of our life. The
fact which needs to be emphasized now is
that we have come through a year, crowded
with difficulties and filled with misunder-
standing between nations, and have emerged
from that period as a going organization."
Criticizing those who took a gloomy view
of the UN's future on the basis of its first
year's record, Mr. Lie said: "Pessimism re-
garding the situation existing between the
nations is based largely on lack of historical
President Truman in his seventh quarterly
report to Congress on the operations of
UNRRA, covering the first quarter of 1946,
stated that through 31 March, 1946, UNRRA
had shipped 8,251,736 gross long tons of
relief supplies valued at 1,140,419,000
dollars. He reported the United States share
in this achievement at 5,917,785 tons valued
at 750,563,000 dollars.
The US share, the President pointed out,
was 71.7 percent of the tonnage and 65.8
percent of the value of all UNRRA shipments.
The President, in his letter of transmittal,
said that "Difficult as UNRRA's task has
been, the organization has, in the face of
severe world shortages, shipped over ten
million tons of vitally needed supplies which
have enabled countries receiving assistance to
survive the winter.
"In addition to food which has been pro-
vided, transportation facilities have been
vastly improved in the year since the war's
end and seeds and agricultural equipment in
substantial quantities are now available
where they are needed.
"We are providing assistance as a matter
of humanity and as a mark of comradeship
for those who fought with us to victory over
our common enemy. And we are doing it in
the conviction that peace and security
throughout the world can only be built on
cooperation and mutual assistance. We can-
not look to a world of freedom and security
in the midst of famine and impoverishment."
Senator Charles W. Tobey, Republican of
New Hampshire, speaking before the Ameri-
can Society for Russian War Relief, declared
the differences between the United States and
Russia "will never be as important as our
common interests and common aims."
Recounting the "staggering sacrifices" of
the Russians during the war in which "Rus-
sia fought with her allies for all civilization,"
Tobey took issue with "some cynics in Amer-
ica, who keep harping upon the differences
in the ideologies between us and the Rus-
sians. We of America and our Soviet friends
have much in common - love of homes,
love of our lands, and a deep-seated urge for
freedom," he said.
"I am firmly convinced that, in the future,
as in the past, the principal national interests
of these countries will not conflict . . . so I
depreciate any attempts in America to arouse
public opinion against Russia. Such efforts

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