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Military government weekly information bulletin
No. 42 (May 1946)

Press comments,   pp. 15-18 PDF (1.9 MB)

Page 16

Secretary Byrnes should keep it. The
vacuum in world power must be filled
by the United Nations, but while this
is being done, continuous American
leadership must be provided to direct
into fruitful channels of collaboration the
anarchic and aggressive forces that were
loosed, by the war's end."
Thle Washington News believes the
Byrnes proposal represents statesman-
ship of high order. "It means the United
States has stepped forward with the kind
of world leadership commensurate with
its, vast strength and equal responsibil-
-ty. If other powers reject this historic
offer of American military commitment
abroad for 25 years, they will miss their
biggest security opportunity .and reveal
that, they place selfish ambitions above
world peace
"Drafting 'of just peace treaties, and
resumption of normal civil governments
and.eoonomic life, is desperately needed
,at the earliest possible moment. The only
legitimate excuse for delay has been lack
of adequate enforcement machinery to
keep the Axis demilitarized. The Amer-
ipnz proposal would provide that secu-
rity ma~chinery."
"At Paris we have taken the position
of world leadership commensurate with
'our power," the Philadelphia Record
declares. "Wisely, the Truman admi-
nistration has continued Roosevelt's pio-
,licy of consulting with leaders of both
parties in the Senate ... Byrnes speaks
with the authority of Senate leaders be-
hind him ... Yes, here is an 'entangling
alliance.' But it's the kind of entangling
'alliance we must make to give the world
.Considerable resentment is being felt
in Europe at present at the exclusion
of the small Allied powers from  any
active part in the control of Germany
according to  John W. Vandercook of
NBC. He believes that the sense of having
been slighted by the big powers is most
I1~     a~cute in Holland, Beglium and
Norway. "The nationals of these
three democratic states na-
turally are more aware than
'we   are  'of  how   gravely
they were injurled by German
aggression," Vandercook says. "From a
few short miles away they observe the
difficulty the big powers ...... are having
in understanding the Germans, in keeping
the mental barriers raised against them
and, even more fundementally, in finding
troops willing to stay on long enough t
complete the occupation job. All three
countries have suggested that their troops
might bie given a share in occupation
duties. Such proposals have been turned
down. What adds to th'e sense of the
unfairness of it all is that lack of direct
representation in Berlin gives the small
powers no effective voice in many mat-
ters which directly concern them."
In a recent broadcast Economic Stab-
ilizer Chester Bowles called on the peo-
ple of United States to make greater food
sacrifices so that famine-suffering peoples
of world will be able to survive.
"Duo you know," Bowles asked, "what
even a diet iof 1500 calories is like?.
In countries where starvation is always
waiting to take another victim, they just
don't have pineapple and milk - and
pioa.ched eggs and baked custard. What
they 'eat for their 1200 or 1500 calories
is bread, and maybe cabbage soup and
ersatz coffee. In Italy, bread isn't some-
thing that goes with the meal - it's the
meal itself."
Bowlies said the big need in famine
.areas is, first, for wheat, and then for
fats and 'oils. He urged national support
'of the coming drive for food in cans and
containers that can be shipped abroad.

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