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Barton, Betty. / The problem of 12 million German refugees in today's Germany
([1949])

Section IV: What is being done for the German refugees?,   pp. 30-34 PDF (1.6 MB)


Page 31


2. All persons of German nationality or race who before expulsion or flight
had
their permanent domicile in the German Eastern Territories east of the Oder-
Goerlitzer Neisse (territory boundaries as of September, 1939) and had fled
or
were expelled from such domicile.
3. Released prisoners of war of German nationality or race who were resident
in
the areas mentioned in I and 2 and who cannot return there now.
4. Children born after the flight, expulsion or repatriation of their parents
shall be
considered as refugees as long as their parents have refugee status.
B. Persons not belonging to the aforementioned groups but to whom the law
is par-
tially or wholly applicable at the discretion of the Land Government.
C. Persons who have already acquired a domicile in another zone or in another
Land
of the British Zone may only receive benefit within the meaning of this Law
if they
have been obliged to relinquish such domicile for good and sufficient reasons.
D. (Certain other kinds of exclusions are omitted here.)
2. Documentation and Jdentification:
1. Persons coming under this Law shall be documented. They shall be obliged
to
furnish the necessary particulars in connection with the documentation. An
identity
card or pass (Auswveis) shall be issued showing the status as refugee.
2. Assistance to the refugee shall cease as soon as he has been found permanent
accommodation, an occupation suitable to his capacities and physical standards,
or is otherwise assisted and cared for and has reached a standard of living
compar-
able with that of the indigenous population. Cessation of assistance shall
depend
upon the decision of the Kreis Refugee Office in conjunction with the Xreis
Refugee
Committee. A clearly visible entry shall be made on the identity card in
respect of
cessation of assistance.
3. Naturalization:
Persons mentioned under Par. I who are not already in possession of German
na-
tionality shall be entitled to the same rights and have the same obligations
as Ger-
man nationals, until such time as their nationality has been finally established
by
law.
4. Reception:
1. Refugees arriving in Land North Rhine-Westphalia shall in the first place
be
sent to a transit camp, where they shall be cared for, medically examined,
docu-
mented, registered and distributed.
2. The Ciemeinden (county) undertaking reception shall immediately find suitable
accommodation for the refugees.
3. When as a first measure the accommodation consists of emergency or collective
quarters, the period of stay shall not exceed two months at the outside.
If imme-
diate and final accommodation is not possible for the refugees, they shall
be accom-
modated temporarily in suitable and habitable dwellings; they shall not,
however,
live in mass quarters. Families shall be accommodated separately.
4. Requisitioning, furnishing and the supplying of accommodation shall be
a public
task of the first priority.
5. Accommodation:
1. The necessary accommodation shall be acquired in accordance with the provi-
sions laid down by the authorities in charge of allocation of dwellings (Wohnraum-
beivirtsbaftung).
2. The refugees shall be represented according to the ratio of their number
to the
local population or, at least, by one member on the Dwellings Committee.
These
representatives shall be selected by the communal Representation Association
from
such persons as have been recommended by the Refugee Representatives on the
Refugee Committees.
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