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Cook, Alice Hanson / Workers' education in the U.S. Zone of Germany
(1947)

Military government's interest in workers' education,   pp. 3-5 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 3


*0RK.RT3' EDUJC*';TION IN THE U.S-. ZOWE OF GM-RIJY
LUNCiE TIE BZEbIN1ILW  OF OCCU.. 2TI0N
by
ULICUE Ii1NSON COOK .
1. iJILI.. :Tf GOVERLJI;ENTIS INY22EST IN WOLLNRZ' EDUC .[~TOT
ilitary ikwernment recognized the unions as one of the dreenda ae
c~r-ier  forces after the collapse of the Nazi regime. Viry '21! union
lender  l had ';eoome Nazis in. spite of the pressures of the Hitle- perio,.
:vany Df thpe hae spent .nonths or years in jail in punisaiaent %rfo. their'
anti-, .zi record and. persistent. anti-Nazi activ-ity.
- NION STRIUTUMJFE
Military gcvernment 's first poliy was to ene.oulrage labor Organization
at the. 4oant level but to hold back on organizaticn int, indust'iul unions
. r -. lrations until local leadlership cnuld have P stabisfl.4 itself.
:+DrjiTaj organization has  novi been  exrmitted in the four separate Lainder,
and zonal ana' inter-zonal conferences of these Land organizations andc of
the
.unions in the other 7.ones have taken place.
This decentralization of union organization within the lmerican Zone
(The British Zone unions have a single federation which includes the Bremen
unions as well).and Ibetween. the zones has produced some differences in
union
structure, and consequently different machinery and point of.viw a.- t.:
the
approach to some problems of union administration. Specifically in relation
to workers' education, it means that the method of work in this field aeei
not and cannot be uniform throughout the zone.
One thing all the unions'havo in common is a grouping around large
industrial units and the-Alnclusion of all workers re~garlless of religious
or political affiliat.on.   The unions in the different zones operate under
unilateral policies tailored ty the differing viewpoints of the separate
Occupying powers.   Only the Unorks Council as an employee orguaizatiou cdme's
under. an sallied Control Council Law which. applies to all Germany.  Iowe'-er,
th imxlmementation of this law differs in each Zone.
Some unions in the British and Am6rican Zones have Iae tontative plans
toward unitinar into a single federation.  But it is difficult for tcO, unions
to formulate thair ultimate   sals, oven in terms of structure, whee so ruel
de"pe3nds on the form the G~erman state will assume and the solution
it will
bri n  to Politico-aconomic questions.  These ara  questions .'hich hal We
'answerj-d only by the .illied Powvrg.
Lot, .-   . vl hJrin exPr esed are those of the - utihor, and dr not
^-(~ G  (-,Suly reflect the viev-s of US, L.ilitary Gay.rmmnt.
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