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Bunk, Brian D., 1968-; Pack, Sasha D.; Scott, Carl-Gustaf (ed.) / Nation and conflict in modern Spain: essays in honor of Stanley G. Payne
(2008)

Bunk, Brian D., 1968-
"A shape note of pugnacity" : conservative youth groups in Spain, 1914-1939,   pp. 15-29 ff.


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Conservative Youth Groups in Spain, 1914-1939 
Press, 1999), 19. 
4. Luis Arranz, Mercedes Cabrera and Fernando del Rey, "The Assault
on liberalism, 1914-1923," in 
Spanish History since 1808, ed. Jose Alvarez Junco and Adrian Shubert (London:
Arnold, 2000), 193. 
See also Javier Tusell and Juan Aviles, La derecho a espanola contemporanea.
Sus origenes: el maurismo 
(Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1986), esp. chapter 2. 
5. Jose' Gutierrez1-Rave, Yofui unjoven maurista (Madrid: Libros y revistas,
1946), 165. 
6. Ibid., 164-65, 178,189. 
7. Julio Gil Pecharromain, Conservadores subversivos. La derecha autoritaria
Alfrnsina (1913-1936) 
(Madrid: Eudema, 1994), 14. Gutierrez-Rave, 189, 192. 
8. On the group's actions see Gil Pecharromain and Paul Preston, "Alfonsist
Monarchism and the 
Coming of the Spanish Civil War," Journal oj'Contemporary History 7,
nos. 3/4 (1972): 89-114. 
9. Other members, such as Luis de Ons, who was one of the leaders of JM in
Madrid, later played a role 
in the formation of the CEDA in 1933. Jose R. Montero, La CEDA. El catolicismo
social y politico en 
la IIRepuiblica (Madrid: Ediciones de la Revista de Trabajo, 1977), 1:554.
10. Stanley Payne, "Spanish Conservatism 1914-1923," Journal of
Contemporary History 13, no. 4 
(1978): 782. 
11. Gil Pecharroman, 14. 
12. Gutierrez-Rave, 187. 
13. Ibid., 188-89, 193. 
14. Ibid., 196. 
15. Ibid., 197. 
16. Ibid., 176. 
17. Ibid. 
18. Gil Pecharroman, 16, 19, 32. 
19. Walter L. Adamson, Avant-Garde Florence: From Modernism to Fascism (Cambridge:
Harvard 
University Press, 1993). 
20. Gil Pecharroman, 31. 
21. Ibid., 13. 
22. William J. Callahan, The Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1998 (Washington
D.C.: The Catholic 
University Press of America, 2000), 98. 
23. Ibid.,99-100. 
24. Jose" Maria Baez y Perez de Tudela, "El ruido y la nueces:
La Juventud de Accion Popular y la 
movilizacion 'civica' Catolica durante la Segunda Republica," Ayer 59,
no. 3 (2005): 126. Another 
prominent member of PSP was Jose Calvo Sotelo. Gutierrez-Rave, 263. 
25. Chiaki Watanabe, Confesionalidad Catolica y militanca politica: La Asociacio'n
Cat6lica Nacional 
de Propagandistas y la Juventud Catlica Espahola (1923-1936) (Madrid: Universidad
Nacional de 
Educaccion a Distancia Ediciones, 2003), 95. 
26. See for example, Maiximo Molina Collada, El llamado modernismo en la
vida actual. Su influencia 
higienica y moral en la educacion de la Juventud de ambos sexos (Madrid:
Imprenta de la Ciudad 
Lineal, 1924). 
27. Watanabe, 17. 
28. Jose' Manuel Ordovas, Historia de la Asociacion Catolica Nacional de
Propagandistas. De la 
Dictadura a la Segunda Republica 1923-1936 (Pamplona: EUNSA, 1993). 
29. Watanabe, 76. 
30. Ibid., 124, 133, 193. 
31. See, Feliciano Montero, "Juventud y politica: Los movimientos juveniles
de inspiracion Catolica en 
Espafia: 1920-1970," Studia histroica 5, no. 4 (1987): 108. 
32. Watanabe, 228. 
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