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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVIII. The Arizona campaign. II,   pp. 494-505 PDF (4.7 MB)

Page 501

time being, I assented as a matter of course. The fact that Fort Marion,
Florida, had been decided upon as the place of confinement for not only
those at Fort Apache, Arizona, but also for those who might surrender or
be captured, is clearly indicated in the following official communication:
                    WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON CITY, August 24, 1886.
   SIR: Seeing that Fort Marion appeared to be agreed upon as the place at
which to
hold the Apaches on their capture or surrender as prisoners of war, and having
no data
here from which to judge of its capacity, &c., I sent the following telegram
to the com-
mandling officer at Saint Augustine, Fla.:
  "W What number of Indians - men, women and children  can, in addition
to the num-
ber now at Saint Augustine, be accommodated there ? Should it be determined
increase the number by some four or five hundred, what preparation would
be necessary
and what probable expenditure required ?
   In reply I receive(1 the following :
   "Can accommodate seventy-five men, women and children, in addition
to those now
here. Fort Marion is a small place; all must li e in tents. Have tentage
by taking
battery tents. Need no particular preparation, but will have to expend $200
for additional
tent floor and lavatories. Would recommend no more Indians be sent here.
details by mail." Very respectfully,
                                     R. C. DRuir, Acting Secretary of War.
   It will be seen that this was the understanding not only with the Lieu-
tenant-General and the acting Secretary of War, but also with the Secre-
tary of the Interior.
   Seventy-seven Indians mnentioned, men women and children, had been
sent to Fort Marion in March previous, as stated in a former chapter, and
as it was the final determination of the authorities at Washington that the
remainder of the Chiricahua and Warm Spring Indians should be sent
there also.  I gave my most earnest attention to the matter.     Let it be
observed that the removal of both the dangerous and turbulent Indians
at Fort Apache, and the hostile Indians whom the troops had been hunting
since April, occurred at about the same time.
   In the meantime one troop after another had been moved to the vicin-
ity of Fort Apache until I had succeeded in placing in the immediate neigh-
borhood, under the command of Colonel Wade, nine troops of cavalry, a
sufficient force I believed, to handle that entire body of Indians.
   Before returning  to  Fort Bowie I had     several conversations with
Colonel Wade as to the duty he was to perform and the methods of its
performance.   From Fort Bowie I went to Wilcox Station on the Southern
Pacific Railroad, which was about twelve miles from Fort Bowie, and in

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