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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVIII. The Arizona campaign. II,   pp. 494-505 PDF (4.7 MB)

Page 498

   The delegation went to Washington, where other influences were
brought to bear upon them, and they eventually determined to make 1o1
terms, but insisted on returning to the mountains of Arizona. The dele-
gation was ordered back without anything having been accomplished.
Learning of this I sent a most earnest appeal to have the delegation
stopped at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, stating that in my opinion if they
returned to Arizona in defiance of the military authorities and the appeals
of the people of that Territory, outbreaks and disturbances might be
expected for the next twenty years. Finally, in deference to this appeal,
they were ordered detained at Fort Leavenworth, where they became
defiant and exceedingly troublesome.
   The authorities had by this time become fully convinced that these
Indians would make no peaceful agreement for their removal, which had
now come to be regarded as an absolute military necessity. When the
delegation was stopped at Fort Leavenworth, I telegraphed Captain Dorst
to report to me in Arizona and inform me of the disposition of these
Indians. After he had made his report he was ordered to return to Fort
Leavenworth and inform the Indian delegation that they could, if they
chose, be considered friendly treaty Indians, in wvhich case they must con-
form to the wx ishes and directions of the government and consent to the
peaceable removal of all their people from the Territory of Arizona, or
else they must be considered as individuals. responsible for the crimes they
had commiitted, and they were renmindecd that indictniewnts xrec then
pending in the courts of Arizona charging them with murder and various
other crimes. They were also reminded of the murders they had perpe-
trated, and told that the warrants for their arrest were awaiting them, and
that they could not expect the military to shelter them in the civil courts
from the legal consequences of their acts.
   The effect of this plain talk was an agreement on their part to accept
any disposition the government might conclude to make of them. They
agreed to go to any place I might select, there to remain until the govern-
ment should furnish them with utensils, stock and provisions by which
they could become self sustaining. My object was then to eventually have
them located in the Indian Territory, but I desired especially to place them
far enough away from Arizona to render it impossible for them to resume
hostilities whenever they might be so disposed.
   The importance of the removal of this large and troublesome body of
Indians was patent to all conversant with the situation, and was vitally
necessary to the welfare of the country. The President had been advised

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