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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVIII. The Arizona campaign. II,   pp. 494-505 PDF (4.7 MB)

Page 497

vicious in the individual who had been imbibing; and the more barley they
raised the more tiswin riots occurred. When I visited their camp they
were having their drunken orgies every night, and it was a perfect pande-
mnonium. It was dangerous to go near them, as they were constantly
discharging pistols and rifles. The amount of land they had under cultiva-
tion in 1886 was altogether only about a hundred acres. The women did
nearly all the work, though a few men condescended occasionally to as-
sist. One of the most prominent anuong the Indians was Chatto, who at
one time had led what was, perhaps, the bloodiest raid ever made in that
country. The young men were insolent, violent and restless, and anxious
to go on the warpath. They employed their time in riding about the
camp with firearms, to the terror of everyone with whom they came in
contact. The people of Arizona had frequently sent strong petitions to
Washington praying that these Indians might be removed from that Ter-
ritory, and at the time I now write of I received reliable information that
another outbreak was contemplated by the Indians and was then being
arranged among them.
   After fully considering the condition of affairs in all its bearings,
after a thorough personal examination in company with Mr. La-
mar, I became more fully convinced than ever of the necessity of re-
moving that band of Indians to some region remote from Arizona, where
they could not at any moment resume hostilities and terrorize and devas-
tate the country. As it was supposed that this removal could be effected
much more easily with than without their consent, I urged upon them the
importance of the benefits to be obtained by removing to another part of
the country. I also requested and obtained from the authorities at Wash-
ington permission to send a delegation thither for the purpose of securing
their consent. This delegation was placed under the charge of Captain
Dorst, of the Fourth Cavalry, an experienced and accomplished officer.
   I was of the opinion at that time that a removal to the Indian Terri-
tory would be the inost advisable, the climate of that country being simi-
lar to that in which they were accustomed to live. There they would
also be near another band of Apaches that had been living in that Terri-
tory for a very long time. However, it was found impossible to remove
them immediately to that locality owing to a law that had been enacted
by Congress prohibiting the sending thither of any more Apaches. Still
I thought they could be removed to some adjacent country in New Mexico,
Texas or Kansas, and on a representation of the facts of the case I believed
that the lave would be repealed by Congress, and so it subsequently proved.

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