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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVII. The Arizona campaign. (I),   pp. 480-493 PDF (5.5 MB)

Page 493

overheated and uhlalble to travel. The food was not what it should have
been to sustain the strength and vitality of men under long-continued
   By the 5th of July the Indians had been driven south of Oposura,
Mexico. A supply camp had been established at that point, and the comn
mand was equipped ready to continue operations. Until now the hostiles
had been accustomed to separate into small parties which would make
sudden and bloody raids upon settlements when unexpected, but after this
time they were so closely pursued that they could derive no further benefit
from their raids, as they were obliged to abandon their animals or else
fight to protect them, which latter alternative they carefully avoided.
Sometimes the Indians would scatter, but in that case the trail of a single
man was followed until he again joined the rest of the band. The march
was taken up toward the mouth of Tepache Creek where it was learned
that the hostiles had passed, cominitting depredations on their way. -But
after a couple of hours' mnarch in that direction the commniand was over-
taken by a courier with the inform-ation that a manl had been wounded by
the Indians at Tonababu the evening before, Captain Lawton imillediately
changed his course and on reaching the place discovered the trail of the
savages who had been doing the shlootilg.
   The scouts under Lieutenant Brown were pushed ahead of the com-
lalld, and on the 13th of July a runner wxas sent back to say that the
Indian camp had been discovered, that the scouts would attack it at once,
and asking that the infantry be sent forward to their support. Unfortu-
nately the surprise was not an entire success for the Indians escaped, but
their aninals, camlp equipage, a large anlount of dried ileat, and other
provisions fell into the hands of the troops. The trail was again followed
until supplies were nearly exhausted, when a halt was reluctantly called.
After a short rest scouts were sent out to discover the whereabouts of the
hostiles, and on the 13th of August information was received that they
were moving toward the Terras Mountains. Captain Lawton immediately
started to head them off, and by making forced marches arrived in the
neighborhood of Fronteras on the 20th, where he learned that the lhostiles
had coninumunicated to the Mexicans a desire to surrender.

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