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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVII. The Arizona campaign. (I),   pp. 480-493 PDF (5.5 MB)

Page 488

would like to have you accomnpany Captain Lawton's command, and as you
are probably in as good a condition as anyone to endure what they endure,
you can iiake a careful study of the Indians at every opportunity and
discover wherein lies their superiority, if it does exist, and whether it
hereditary, and if hereditary, whether the fiber and sinew and nerve
power is of a finer quality, and whether their lungs are really of greater
development and capacity to endure the exertion of climbing these
mountains than those of our best men."
   Captain Wood entered into the spirit of this most heartily, and his serv-
ices and observations and example were most comninendable and valuable
and added much to the final success of the enterprise.
   The other officers of the command were selected for similar considerations.
   Captain Lawton's picked infantry, Indian scouts and cavalry were at
times under the immediate command of Lieutenants Henry Johnson, Jr.,
Eighth Infantry, H. C. Benton, R. A. Brown, R. S. Walsh and A. L. Smith,
Fourth Cavalry, and Leighton Finley, Tenth Cavalry. Lieutenant Finley,
now dead, rendered very efficient service in coimand of the scouts during
the first two months of the camipaign. He was a gallant officer and had
distinguished himself the preceding year (1885) in an affray with the hostiles
in Arizona during an attack which they had made upoii a command to
which he was attached. Lieuternant Brown coimimuanded the scouts dur-
ing the last two months of the pursuit and rendered valuable service.
They are all entitled to great credit for the zeal, judgment and fidelity
with which they carried out his instructions.
   The soldiers of this commnand wvere also carefully selected and I doubt
whether there was ever a finer collection of maen and officers, for the num
gathered in one comnmand. It was a question of fidelity, of endurance, of
tenacity of purpose; for when the troops north of the boundary had
driven the hostiles over the border. this comiiiiand was expected to take
up the chase and continue it until the hostiles were either worn down and
brought to bay, or driven back again to our territory. Well did they
accomplish this duty, as will be seen by every reader who follows to the
end the narrative of this five months' campaign.
   The command was perfectly equipped and abuundanitly supplied, and in
such a way as to be independent of wagon transportation. The pack-train
was the best in the country, and, in addition to the supplies carried by
I moved by trains down the valleys practicable for wagons. abundant
supplies, in order that this movable command could have a movable base
for their stores and military supplies.

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