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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVI. A campaign against the Apaches (Captain Maus' narrative),   pp. 450-479 PDF (11.9 MB)

Page 478

   tinder a treaty or ag'reenment between our government and Mexico,
permission was granted by the Mexican governmient for our troops to
pursue hostile Indians into the territory of Mexico. This arrangerment
reesulted itost satisfactorily as it enabled our troops to pursue the Indians
without giving themn any rest and also to act in concert with the Mex-
ican troops. I found Governor Louis Torres, governor of Sonora and
subsecquently a general in ttie Mexican army, a most agreeable gentle-
man and efficient executive. His assistance and co-peration was iiost
agreeable and beneficial. I was also fortunate in having the friendship of
the distinguished diplomat, Senor D)on AM:atias Romnero, wxho has so long
ably represented his governmi-ent in Washington as m-iniister of that
re public.
   I also wish to acknowledge the able assistance received from- Governor
Ross of New Mexico. formerly a United States Senator from Kansas, an-id
Governor Zulick of Arizona,. for assistance and cofperation, as well as that
of Mr. L. P. Hughes, then a citizen of that territory and now its govrernor.
   Fromi Bowie Station I went to Fort Bowie, where I established m-IIy
headquarters. This little military post was situated in a pass of the mnoun-
tains formerly known as Apache Pass, near what was called Cochise's
stronghold in the miountains, which was a favorite resort of the Apaches
for many years. The cemetery near that military station contains the
remains of a large number of people, both mnen and womnen, who had been
killed in that vicinity. Among the victims w ere people who had traveled
on the stage, prospectors, ranch men, and soldiers who had been way laid
and killed, or captured and then tortured to a cruel and merciless death.
   My first duty was to reorganize the comi-mands, and if possible inspire
activity and confidence in the troops, and give the settlers assurances of
protection. To this end I divided tlhe territory of New Mexico and Arizona
into districts of observation, placing the territory near each military post
under the supervision of its commanding officer, with instructions to make
his immediate district untenable for an~y band of Indians that might in-
vade it. The whole aspect of the country wvas that of cheerlessness, doubt
and uncertainty. The territory roamed over by these Inidians was at least
six hundred miles in extent north and south and three hundred and fifty
miles east and w-est. This territory, comprised within the Rocky and
Sierra Madre Mountains, was the most barren and desolate region on the
   These Apaches were perhaps the most expert mountain climbers in the
world. By their training, by their habits of life and the necessities of
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