University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire

Chapter XXXVI. A campaign against the Apaches (Captain Maus' narrative),   pp. 450-479 PDF (11.9 MB)

Page 471

   I cannot commend too highly Mr. Horn, my chief of scouts; his gallant
services deserve a reward which he has never received.*
   Meanwhile, the closing scenes above described by Captain Maus, and
the condition of affairs in Arizona attracted unusual attention.
   One of General Crook's methods of dealing with the hostiles was to
employ   a certain number of the        same   tribe to  act as scouts in
pursuit. Possibly, as there have been so many misrepresentations as to
what his instructions actually were, the conditions he made with the
surrendered Indians, and my own instructions, a better understanding will
be obtained by presenting the official correspondence first published in
1886, that passed between the department commander and the higher au-
thorities immediately prior to my assuming command of that department.
This correspondence was as follows, General Crook having gone from
Fort B3owie down to meet the hostile Apaches:
                                    CAMIP EL CANON I)E Los E-. NmT-)os,
                     20 MILES S. E. SAN BERNARDINO, MEXICO, Mlarch 26, 1886.
   I met the hostiles yesterday at Lieut. Maus' camp, they being located
about five hun-
dred yards distant.  I found them  very independent, and fierce as so many
Knowing what pitiless brutes they are themselves, they mistrust everyone
else. After my
talk with them it seemed as if it would be impossible to get any hold on
them, except on
condition that they be allowed to return to their reservation on their old
   To-day things look more favorable.        GEORGE CROOK, Brigadier General.
                         CAMP EL CANON Los EIMBUDOS, MEXICO, March 27, 1886.
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SHERIDAN, U. S. A., Washington, D. C.:              Con
   In conference with Geronimo and the other Chiricahuas I told them they
must decide
at once on unconditional surrender or to fight it out.  That in the latter
event hostilities
should be resumed at once, and the last one of them killed if it took fifty
years. I told
them to reflect on what they were to do before giving me their answer. The
only propo-
sitions they would entertain were these three: That they should be sent east
for not
exceeding two years, taking with them such of their families as so desired,
leaving at
Apache Nana who is seventy years old and superannuated; or that they should
all return
to the reservation upon their old status ; or else return to the war-path
with its attendant
   *This is quite true of Mr. Horn, but not more true than of tile writer
hinlself, and of Captain Crawford,
Captain Whirt Davis, Captain Wilder, Lieutenant Gatewood and Lieutenianit
Clarke. Neither were Captain
Baldwin and Captain Snyder rewarded, and the same is true of scores of others
wcho have rendered most dis-
tinguished, laborious and heroic services in this most difficult and dangerous
of all warfare. It is true that
some of them have had some advance of rank in the regular course of promotion,
but no more than otheis who
have never engaged in such services. Yet they have the consciousness of having
rendered to the government
and their fellow countrymen most valuable and important services.

Go up to Top of Page