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Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 / Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate: and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire
(1896)

Chapter XXXV. The Apache and the soldier,   pp. 445-449 PDF (2.2 MB)


Page 449


GENERAL NELSON A. MILES.
reservation) killed some of the friendly Indians as well as thirty-eight
white
people, captured about two hundred head of stock, and returned to Mexico.
This expedition occupied only four weeks and the Indians traveled a dis-
tance of over twelve hundred miles. That such a raid was possible despite
the fact that in addition to the comnmands already mentioned, there weas
a
large force of regular troops in the field (forty-three companies of infantry
and forty troops of cavalry), shows the energy and daring of these Indians.
   The necessity of following and constantly harassing them being evi-
dent, two expeditions were again formed to go in pursuit. One consisted
of a battalion of Indian scouts (one hundred and two men) and a troop
of cavalry under Captain Wirt Davis, Fourth Cavalry, and the other of a
battalion of Indian scouts (one hundred men) under Captain Crawford.
Third Cavalry. The first battalion (I)avis) was composed of San Carlos
and White Mountain Indians, principally, and the second (Crawford) was
composed of Chiricahuas, Warm Springs and White Mountain Apaches.
The Indians of the battalion were largely a part of the band to be de-
stroved, and in every respect as savage and as able as they. Captain Davis
operated in Chihuahua, while Captain Crawford proceeded with his coin-
mnand into Sonora. Captain Crawford selected the people composing his
command on account of the fact that they were mountain Indians and
knew the haunts of these to be pursued, being, indeed, a part of their bands.
Many doubted the wisdom of taking these men alone with no troops, and
predictions of treachery were freely made, but still officers volunteered
for
the duty. Those selected were Lieutenant Marion P. Maus, First Infantry,
and Lieutenant W. E. Shipp, Tenth Cavalry, to command the companies,
while Lieutenant S. L. Faison, First Infantry, was the adjutant, quarter-
muaster andl commissary officer, and Acting Assistant Surgeon T. B. Davis
was the medical officer. The scouts were selected and enlisted, fifty each,
by
Lieutenants Maus and Shipp, thus forming the battalion of one hundred mnen.
   The history of this expedition into Mexico, its unique formation, the
almost unparalleled hardships and dangers it encountered, the tragic death
of its commander, Captain Emmet Crawford, and the international phase
of the affair, all give it an especial interest, and we will follow its move-
ments in detail from the time the command left Apache till its return and
muster out of the service  a period of six mionths. This account is best
given
ill the, narrative of Captain Marion P. Maus, who accompanied Captain
Crawford, and is himself one of the mmost experiemlced officers in time
service. His account illustrates the difficulties to be overcome, as well
as the fortitude and courage of our officers amid soldiers.
449


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