Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.
Audience with his holiness, pp. 101-104 PDF (1007.0 KB)
Confidential chat with Count Umberta, pp. 104-105 PDF (499.3 KB)
Tuesday, Aiugust 21 Visited the U. S. press control officers who supervise the Italian press. The censorship of the Italian press was explained to us-it is conducted along the lines explained to us at Bad Homburg in Germany. Later we visited the Allied High Command and had a splendid conversation with Admiral Ellery Stone, in command of the civil affairs of Italy. The Admiral explained to us the conduct of the Allied Occupation Command of Italy, and described the in- tegrated command. The British, Russians, French, and other commissioners sit on a board with him and he in turn acts as Commander-in-Chief of the Civil Command of Italy. The Admiral indicated that he felt their procedure was much better than that of Berlin as, by their procedure, the Allied forces in Italy could settle their problems behind closed doors and then an order could be issued by one Commander, and not by each of the Allied Commanders, as in Berlin. We were told (not by Admiral Stone but by diplomatic repre- sentatives of ours and the British Government) that the Russians grab everything, and that it is most necessary for us to have 100,000 men here in uniform to insure law and order. Our Army and Navy officials advise that we should stay out of the Italian politics; let the Italians run their own politics, but supervise the business of the nation, such as food supplies, trans- portation, etc. Members of our High Command in Rome expressed great satis- faction that General MacArthur had been given supreme command in Japan. They thought it would be suicidal to allow the Russians to participate in the Japanese Command. Confidential Chat with Count Umberta After a delightful visit with our Military Command we went to the palace of Crown Prince Umberta, and had a delightfully friendly and personal chat with him. 104
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