Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.
Problem of displaced persons, pp. 69-70 PDF (475.2 KB)
Visiting the kitchens, saw people being fed bowls of rice soup in which were chunks of meat. There are 8,000 persons in the camp: 2,000 Poles, 4,500 Russians, the rest Lithuanians. In one room we saw 5 beds in a small room inhabited by Poles. They were eating, cooking and dancing in the same room. One man was pressing a dress and laughing at us. In another room we saw 10 beds-women, men and children-maybe families and maybe not-they all sleep in the same room. In most instances the quarters are clean. The Poles say, "We pride ourselves in taking care of our place." The Russians' quarters are filthy. We are told that you cannot mix the Poles with the Russians as a big fight always breaks out. Visited a building made into a Boy Scouts headquarters. Here children of D.P.s are taught to read and write. This D.P. problem is one of the most serious problems in all Europe. Returning from the camp back to Frankfurt we stopped at a railroad crossing and saw a camouflaged train passing. Thou- sands of D.P.s were riding in open cars in the rain-household belongings, prams, all kinds of bedding, etc. were packed in the cars, everyone sitting on belongings. The train was moving in the direction of Poland. We were told that when it got into the Russian zone the people possibly will be thrown off the train to start endless wanderings. This prospect of hardship is one of the reasons why the Poles do not like to leave the American zone. There are approximately 700,000 D.P.s in the American zone at present. Returning to the Farben Building, we lunched with Gen. Adcock. During luncheon we were telling some of the officers about General Montgomery's account of the battle of El Alamein. Every American officer says the same thing: "Yes, Monty won the battle of El Alamein with the help of George Patton and his tanks." Generally speaking, Monty is not too well regarded by the American officers. They feel he is a showman. We were told many times that the British were war-weary and that the infusion of our new Army's fresh troops turned the trick. 70
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