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Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.

Problem of displaced persons,   pp. 69-70 PDF (475.2 KB)

Page 70

Visiting the kitchens, saw people being fed bowls of rice soup
in which were chunks of meat. There are 8,000 persons in the
camp: 2,000 Poles, 4,500 Russians, the rest Lithuanians. In one
room we saw 5 beds in a small room inhabited by Poles. They
were eating, cooking and dancing in the same room. One man
was pressing a dress and laughing at us. In another room we
saw 10 beds-women, men and children-maybe families and
maybe not-they all sleep in the same room. In most instances
the quarters are clean. The Poles say, "We pride ourselves in
taking care of our place." The Russians' quarters are filthy.
We are told that you cannot mix the Poles with the Russians
as a big fight always breaks out.
Visited a building made into a Boy Scouts headquarters. Here
children of D.P.s are taught to read and write.
This D.P. problem is one of the most serious problems in all
Europe. Returning from the camp back to Frankfurt we stopped
at a railroad crossing and saw a camouflaged train passing. Thou-
sands of D.P.s were riding in open cars in the rain-household
belongings, prams, all kinds of bedding, etc. were packed in the
cars, everyone sitting on belongings. The train was moving in
the direction of Poland. We were told that when it got into the
Russian zone the people possibly will be thrown off the train to
start endless wanderings. This prospect of hardship is one of
the reasons why the Poles do not like to leave the American zone.
There are approximately 700,000 D.P.s in the American zone at
Returning to the Farben Building, we lunched with Gen. Adcock.
During luncheon we were telling some of the officers about General
Montgomery's account of the battle of El Alamein.
Every American officer says the same thing: "Yes, Monty won
the battle of El Alamein with the help of George Patton and his
tanks." Generally speaking, Monty is not too well regarded by
the American officers. They feel he is a showman. We were told
many times that the British were war-weary and that the infusion
of our new Army's fresh troops turned the trick.

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