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Berlin, Richard E., 1894- / Diary of a flight to occupied Germany, July 20 to August 27, 1945.

Interview with Montgomery,   pp. 44-45 PDF (490.9 KB)

Montgomery on battle of El Alamein,   pp. 45-46 PDF (467.4 KB)

Page 45

"An Army usually loots for 2 or 3 days after conquering a ter-
ritory-Russia has been systematically looting Germany for 3
"The Axis made two maj or mistakes:
1) The Germans invading Russia,
2) The Japanese war on your country.
"The Germans subsequently made three great battle mistakes:
1) After we landed in France, they should not have defended
Normandy but should have dropped back behind the Seine,
2) They never should have created an offense at the Bastogne
3) They should not have defended the west bank of the Rhine
but rather should have dropped back to its east bank and made
their stand there."
Montgomery on Battle of El Alamein
We asked him to tell us about the African battle of El Alamein.
He said that all of the writers of books and all of the so-called
reportorial strategists had never given the true facts of this battle,
that he alone had all of the facts.
"The German line," he went on, "had integrated companies or
divisions of Germans and Italians side by side. The Italians are
notably bad fighters. Rommel was expecting an attack from his
flank on the sea and this attack would have been tough on him.
I hit him on his right, or sea flank. He pulled all of his good
German fighters from out of his integrated line to his sea flank,
then I gave him a left hook and ran around to the left. Rommel
was not as good a General as von Runstedt, who is the best
General I ever fought against.
"Generals must practice morale building. Before the invasion
of France, everyone knew there was going to be an invasion, as it
had been in the newspapers for three months. I rode on the hood
of a jeep throughout England talking to troops, building confi-

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