Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
USFET letter to commanding generals Third U.S. Army/Eastern military district and Seventh U.S. Army/Western military district, subject: removal of Nazis and Militarists, 15 August 1945, pp. 37-38 PDF (1.2 MB)
DENAZIFICATION the profession. A person engaged in his own business or occupation, including farming, should be prevented from continuing therein. 9. All persons so removed, together with all persons so designated as persons hostile to Allied purposes, shall be considered to fall within Section II, paragraph 45, Appendix EBB 3, General Order No 1 (Blocking and Control of Property) of Handbook for Military Government in Germany, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expenditionary Force. As such, all their property in the U. S. Zone is subject to seizure of possession, direction, management, supervision or otherwise being taken under control by Military Government. Such property may not be dealt with except as licensed or otherwise authorized or directed by Military Government or Military Government Law No. 52. The funds of persons removed or designated as hostile to Allied purposes hereunder are blocked subject to limited withdrawal or transfers under General Licenses. 10. No person so removed or designated as hostile to Allied purposes hereunder shall be entitled to receive directly or indirectly: - a) Any pension or other civil service rights except as directed by mili- tary government (see Section II, Part I, paragraph 30, of reference directive). b) Any public funds (see paragraph 4a, Instructions to German Officials on Revenue and Expenditures, No. 1; also General Order No. 1 referred to in paragraph 9 above). 11. The property of persons removed or designated as hostile to Allied purposes will not initially be taken into control (custody) by military government property control, but a report with recommendations will be made to your headquarters on whether such property should be taken into control (see property control check list for property control officers and Chapter 8, Introduction, Military Government Finance and Property Control Technical Manual) If it is taken into control under orders from your head- quarters, it will be operated by a custodian to be appointed by military government. The Buergermeister or other appropriate local authority should be required to suggest the individuals by whom the property shall be operated. Responsibility for removal and clearance of persons selected will be determined in accordance with Part 4 of Section II of reference directive and reference letter. 12. Removals shall be effected in this manner. When the determination for removal has been made by military government, an order directing the removal will be delivered to the Buergermeister, with the statement that continuance in position will be inimical to the interest of military government. The removal shall then be effected by the Buergermeister or his representative. Designations of persons hostile to Allied pur- poses will be effected in the same-manner. 13. Persons removed from public office or from business, professions or occupa- tions or designated as hostile to Allied purposes may not be employed in any public office or private position that would bring them wealth or permit them to exercise power or influence, nor may they. engage in any occupation having that effect. Such persons will be limited to employment of an unimportant nature. 14. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the issuance of temporary or revocable .Licenses to doctors or others to engage in professional or other activities to the extent that their personal services are necessary for the health, safety or well-being of the community, and'in any such case the compensation allowable for such services shall be fixed. The existence of the necessity and the amount of the compensation shall be determined by the Buergermeister, subject to review by the local Military Government detachment. Any such temporary or revocable license shall not relieve the holder thereof from any of the other restrictions or provisions hereof. 15. A report of all persons removed from public office or from any business, pro- fession or occupation and of all persons designated as hostile to Allied purposes will be submitted to this headquarters, with a statement of the circumstances believed to justify the action taken. BY COMMAND OF GENERAL EISENHOWER. APRIL 1948 - 38 -
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