Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
USFET letter to commanding generals Third U.S. Army/Eastern military district and Seventh U.S. Army/Western military district, subject: removal of Nazis and Militarists, 15 August 1945, pp. 37-38 PDF (1.2 MB)
DENAZIFICATION ANNEX D EIDQUARTERS U.S. F0H I, EUROPEAN THE;TJI AG 014.1 GEC-AGO 15 August 1945 SUBJE(Ts Removal of Nazis and Militarists TO I Commanding Generals: Third U.S. Army/Eastern Military -District Seventh U.S. Army/Western Military District 1. Reference is made tow a) Directive, this headquarters, file AG 014.1-1 (Germany) GE, subject: 'Administration of Military Government in the U. S. Zone in Germany," dated 7 July 1945. b) Letter, this headquarters, file AG 014.1 GEL-AG0, subject: 'Adminis- tration of Military Government', dated 23 July 1945. 2. The reference directive and letter provide for dealing with Nazis in pub- lic office and in repositions of importance in quasi-public and private enterprises.' The purpose of this letter is to extend the application of the reference directive and letter to Nazis and militarists engaged in business, professions and other occu- pations and to like persons who neither hold public office nor are otherwise em- ployed or engaged. 3. Nazis should not be allowed to retain wealth, power, or influence merely because they do not hold public office or a position in a large financial or indus- trial enterprise. The guilt and dangerous influence of such persons may be equal to that of Nazi public officials. 4. Accordingly, persons whose standing or position in the community is one of p Douce or influence will be removed from their businesres,, professions or occu- pations if upon investigation you are satisfied that they were more than nominal Participants in Party activities or were active supporters of Nazism or militarism. 5. Similarly, although not holding public office or otherwise employed or en- gaed, persons whose standing or position in the community is one of prominence or nfluznce will be designated as persons hostile to Allied purposes if upon investi- gation you are satisfied that there were more than nominal participants in Party activities or were active supporters of Nazism or Militarism. Where so designated, a person shall be subject to all the sanctions herein provided for. 6. You will replace those removed by persons who, by their political and moral qualities, are deemed capable of assisting in developing genuine democratic institutions in Germany. 7. Removal of any person pursuant to paragraph 4 hereof shall be diocretion- ary in every cases except where (a) the position held is a public office or a position of 'importance in quasi-public or private enterprise' as defined in Section II, Part 1, paragraphs 3c and 3d of the reference directive, and (b) such person falls within the mandatory removal categories of Section II. Part 2, of the reference ±irective. When both such conditions exist, the removal must be e Affected. The designation as hostile to Allied purposes of a person not holding public office or otherwise employed or engaged shall be discretionary in all cases. 8. The term 'removal' as used in the reference directive (Section II, Part 1, -paragraph 3), means 'to discharge the person immediately and summarily from the position in question and to terminate his influence and participation therein, di- rectly or indirectly.' A person to be removed from a business, profession or occu- pation should be discharged from any position he holds therein and denied participa- tion directly or indirectly in its affairs, policy, operations, or winding up. In the case of a profession the individual should be disqualified from practicing APRIL 1948. - 37 -
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