Germany (territory Allied occupation, 1945-1955 : U.S. Zone). Office of Military Government. Civil Administration Division. / Denazification, cumulative review. Report, 1 April 1947-30 April 1948.
Denazification cumulative review, pp. 1-13 PDF (6.6 MB)
DENAZIFICATION the evidence available, and Military Government had seen that, in spite of the mandatory charge provisions, the tribunals had based their findings upon evidence of activity during the-Nazi regime and not solely upon rank in the Nazi party or member- ship held. One other problem was that of the "followers", who had not been included in the amnesties and who continued to insist on early trials so they would not be compelled to remain in positions of ordinary labor. Therefore, in October 1947 when the German Land Governments presented amendments to correct these two points and thereby expedite the processing of chargeable cases, they were approved by Military Government. These amendments provided that the charges previously required for offender and lesser offender would no longer be mandatory for those persons who were not members of organizaticns which had been found criminal by the International Military Tribunal and against whom there was no evidence of activity in the Nazi party other than mem- bership; that persons chargeable as followers under the law might resume all posi- tions'prior to their appearance before a tribunal except certain key posts; and that tribunals would have discretion in setting the length of probation for lesser offenders, previously set at a minimum period of two years. The amendments did not change the basic objective of denazification, which con- tinued to be the seeking out and punishing of the real offenders of the Nazi regime. They did permit, however, charges to be made in accordance with the actual evidence, and not merely in accordance with the mandatory provision of the law. In addition, persons who were subject to charge as followers could resume positions other than ordinary labor pending trial. Finally, a discretionary factor was approved in set- ting the probation term for a lesser offender, in view of the penalties under which he had been already placed since the passage of the law. These penalties included exclusion frao all jobs other than ordinary labor, blocking of property, and limita- tion on rights of citizenship. While there was an understandable delay in establishing the techniques under which the implementation of the amendments was to be effected, the results of the amendments are clearly evident in the operations in December 1947 and in the follow- ing months. MONTHLY COMPARISON OF CHARGEABLE CASES COLPLETED BY DENAZIFICATION TRIAL TRIBUNALS October 1947 - March 1948, and Cumulative as of 31 March 1948 Bavaria, Wuerttemberg-Baden, Hesse Total Cases Amnestied without Trials Completed Month Completed Trial during during Month- during MonthMonth October 1947 52,935 7,229 45,708 November 53,t022 8,411 43,9611 December 177,213 107,224 69, 989 January 1948 133,686 75,641 58,045 February 114,229 71,987 43,142 March 128,252 84,703 43, 549 Cumulative as of_ 31 March 1948 2,899,490 2,155,742 743,741 Chargeable Caser to be Completed as of 31 March 1948 351,998 During the months prior to December 1947, the uncompleted workload of chargeable cases had been reduced at an average monthly rate of approximately 50,000. In Decem- ber the workload was reduced by 177,213 cases, 117,870 of which were subject to the new expediting process made possible by the amendments. An inventory of oases still to be completed was made in January 1948 which APRIL 1948 g9
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