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Kaminski, John P.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Fields, David P.; Conley, Patrick T.; Moore, Timothy D. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Rhode Island (3)
26 (2013)

VI. The debate over the Constitution in Rhode Island, 20 January-29 May 1790,   pp. 711-897

Page 893

the dregs of the people, what better is to be expected than opposition
to what they have been taught to believe contrary to their interests. No
one person out of fifty thinks or reasons for himself, and a few artful
and interested knaves have found means to keep this little state in a
ferment for a long time past, and probably may do the same in some
degree, for a considerable time to come. I predict, however, that their
reign is almost at an end. Illiterate hirelings certainly cannot much longer
find a place in our public bodies. The meeting of the convention at
Newport, the latter end of May, augurs well to the federal cause, and
evidently shews that the main weight is coming into that scale. Paper
money is the real cause of all the remaining opposition, and the dread
of being obliged to pay past debts with solid coin, is at the root of
antifederalism. Hundreds of villains will run away the moment a ma-
jority adopts the new constitution."
1. Reprinted: Pennsylvania Packet, 28 May; New York Weekly Museum, 29 May; Philadelphia
Federal Gazette, 29 May; and Maryland Herald, 8 June.
Henry Wynkoop to Reading Beatty
New York, 27 May 1790 (excerpt)'
... On monday last the Motion for fixing the next Meeting of Con-
gress at Philadelphia was made in the Senate by Mr. [Robert] Mor[r]is
& seconded by Mr. [John] Langdon, which lay on the Table until yes-
terday when it was again brought forward & postponed to that day
week, to afford time for Rode Island to send forward their Senators,
the Votes stood 13 for the postponement & 11 against, thus you see
our sanguine Prospects of going to Philadelphia are at least rendered
precarious, tho' we will not consider it as lost yet, Perseverando, you know
was the Motto of one of our Continental Bills.2
The Assumption of the State Debts was again brought forward as you
will perceive by the papers, but was rejected as part of the funding Bill,
which this day has been compleated, so far as to be engrossed for a
third reading on monday next;3 this done Mr. Fitsimonds4 introduced
the following Motion, That Congress meet & hold their next Session in Phila-
delphia, this was seconded from various parts of the House & now lays
on the Table, what will be its fate time will discover, many Gentlemen
are yet sanguine, while others wear long faces upon it; The coming in
of Rode-Island is yet precarious, as the Communications from thence
are various in Opinion, some Gentlemen conceiving they will adopt the
Constitution while others are positive in assertions to the contrary....
1. RC, Wynkoop Letters, Bucks County Historical Society, Doylestown, Pa. Printed:
DHFFC, XIX, 1613-14. Wynkoop (1737-1816), the owner of a large estate in Bucks

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