University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Leffler, Richard; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Hogan, Margaret A.; Reid, Jonathan M. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: New York (5)
23 (2009)

Appendix I: Richard Morris: notes on the Constitution, January-July 1788,   pp. 2531-2535

Page 2535

2 as it will prevent the Dissolution of the Govermt by Designing and
Refractory States-
3 as it will operate in [favor?] of the people agt designs of the federal
Senate and their Constituants the state Leg [islatu] res.
4 in Case of Invasion it provides a Remedy when the state may not
have it in its power to Appt place
not a well formed Govt that depds on any Distinct or Seperate Govt
from itself for its Existance-if this Clause had not been Incerted-
the Existence of the Democratick Branch of the federal Goverment
would have been perfectly in the power of the State Legislatures and
Destruction of that Branch would in Effect be the Destruction of the
federal Goverment and with it the Union. Unless the [Name?] from
this Consideration Alone I make no Doubt Every Gent. must not only
See the propriety but the Necessity of the Clause now under Consid-
Here &c.
but an Atten [tio]n to the Rights of the people will Carry it much
farther and Shew that these Rights would be Unsafe without it-the
senate one of the Branches of the Legislature of the Govt to Exist under
this New Govt. is to be Chose by the Senate and As [semb] ly of the
Resp [ective] State and is Undoubtedly the federal Branch of this Govt.
the president one other Branch is Chose by Electors Apptd for that
purpose by the Legislature of Each State. So far as the interference of
the Legislature goes in this Bus [ines] s this Branch may be Called fedll
so far as the Electors interference Goes it may be Called national, the
other Branch the Assembly is Altogether Democrattical being Elected
by the people at Large-and may be Calld as the Gentn please a Na-
tional Consolidd. or Genll
Thus the Senate Represent the Legisl of the Several States and the
Assembly the people-the preservation of this Representation to the
people is Essential to the preservation of their Lybertys and Rights. for
this End the Clause we are now Consdg without it I app [re]h [e]nd
Danger Suppose the fedell Representation in the Genll. Govt. meet
with Some Embarrasments from the Democratick Branch-one two or
three State Legislatures the Constituants of the fedl Bran [c]h Embar-
rass the Electn. of the Reptvs of the people so as to Leave the weight
of Influence in the fedll Branch
1. The ellipses are in the manuscript.
2. This paragraph is quoted from Constitutional Convention delegates Robert Yates
and John Lansing, Jr., to Governor George Clinton, 21 December 1787 (RCS:N.Y, 454-
59; see especially p. 457). The letter was first printed in the Daily Advertiser and New York
Journal on 14 January 1788, and it was reprinted in six other New York newspapers by 31

Go up to Top of Page