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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
2 (1976)

A. Proceedings and debates of the convention,   pp. 326-616

Page 607

At three o'clock they met and dined with the members of the Supreme
Executive Council, several members of Congress and a number of
citizens, at Mr. Epple's tavern;3 where the remainder of the day was
spent in mutual congratulations upon the happy prospect of enjoying,
once more, order, justice, and good government in the United States.
The following is the list of the toasts given on the occasion.
1. The People of the United States.
2. The President and members of the late Convention of the United
3. The President of the State of Pennsylvania.
4. May the citizens of America display as much wisdom in adopting
the proposed Constitution to preserve their liberties, as they have
shown fortitude in defending them.
5. May order and justice be the pillars of the American Temple of
6. May the agriculture, manufactures, and commerce of the United
States speedily flourish under the new Constitution.
7. The Congress.
8. The virtuous minority of Rhode Island.
9. The powers of Europe in alliance with the United States.
10. May the flame kindled on the Altar of Liberty in America lead
the patrons4 of the world to a knowledge of their rights and to the
means of recovering them.
11. The memory of the heroes who have sacrificed their lives in
defense of the liberties of America.
12. May America diffuse over Europe a greater portion of political
light than she has borrowed from her.
13. Peace and free governments to all the nations in the world.
[Pennsylvania Packet, 14 December]5
A correspondent says, "It is worthy of remark, that amongst the
various classes of citizens who consider their interests and happiness
essentially combined with, and dependent upon the adoption of the
proposed Constitution for the United States of America, the ship
carpenters of Philadelphia have given the most irrefragable proof
of their approbation of the same by conducting, on the evening of
its ratification by this state, a vessel on wheels through the streets of
this city, decorated with flags and insignia emblematical of their fixed
expectation of the revival of commerce and navigation under this
happy government." [Pennsylvania Packet, 15 December]6
On the evening of the public rejoicing for the ratification of the
Federal Constitution, a number of ship carpenters and sailors con-

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