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Jensen, Merrill; Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Pennsylvania
2 (1976)

The ratification of the Constitution by Pennsylvania,   pp. [29]-[52]


Page 38

the paper was strongly Antifederalist. It contained more original
items than any other Philadelphia newspaper, many of which were
reprinted throughout the United States.
The Philadelphia triweeklies were Daniel Humphreys' The Penn-
sylvania Mercury and Universal Advertiser, which had been a weekly
before 1 January 1788, and Andrew Brown's The Federal Gazette,
and the Philadelphia Evening Post, which was published only in
March and April 1788. Both were Federalist newspapers. William
Spotswood's The Pennsylvania Herald, and General Advertiser was a
triweekly between 11 September and 6 October 1787, but a semiweekly
thereafter. The Herald was edited by Alexander J. Dallas, whose
published reports of the debates in the Convention led to Federalist
attacks upon him and his dismissal as editor in January 1788. Spots-
wood retired after the issue of 5 February, and the Herald ceased
publication shortly afterwards.
The Philadelphia semiweeklies were Thomas Bradford's The
Pennsylvania Journal and the Weekly Advertiser, and Robert Smith
and James Prange's The Evening Chronicle. Both were Federalist
newspapers, judging from the material they reprinted from other
newspapers. The Chronicle's last-known issue is that of 7 November
1787.
The Philadelphia weeklies were David and William Hall and
William Sellers' The Pennsylvania Gazette, Francis Bailey's The
Freeman's Journal: or, the North-American Intelligencer, and Melchior
Steiner's Gemeinniitzige Philadelphische Correspondenz. The Gazette
was Philadelphia's leading Federalist newspaper, and news and propa-
ganda pieces were reprinted throughout America. The Philadelphische
Correspondenz was also Federalist. Bailey's Journal was an Anti-
federalist paper which contained almost no Federalist pieces.
Philadelphia's two magazines were Mathew Carey's The American
Museum, Or Repository Of Ancient And Modern Fugitive Pieces,
Prose And Poetical and Thomas Seddon, William Spotswood, Charles
Cist, and James Trenchard's The Columbian Magazine, Or Monthly
Miscellany Containing a View of . . . History, Literature, Manners &
Characters . . . . Both magazines were monthlies which usually ap-
peared between the 7th and 10th of the month following the month
given as the date of publication. The American Museum was
Federalist, with a national subscription list that included many promi-
nent Americans, and it reprinted many of the most important
Federalist pieces published in Philadelphia, as well as a few original
items. The Columbian Magazine contained little about politics.
Four weeklies and one biweekly were published outside Philadel-
phia. The four weeklies were: John Scull and John Boyd's The
38
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