Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
III. The debate over the Constitution in Maryland, 4 December 1787-29 April 1788, pp. 101-428 ff.
INTRODUCTION Because of Maryland's proximity to Philadelphia and the close eco- nomic and family ties of some Marylanders and Philadelphians, the newspapers, broadsides, pamphlets, and magazines from that city cir- culated in Maryland, thereby providing Marylanders with material about the Constitution and its impact. (The nationally circulated American Museum, a Philadelphia monthly magazine, listed sixty-one Marylanders as subscribers.) Particularly important Philadelphia newspapers that cir- culated in Maryland were the daily Federalist Pennsylvania Packet, the weekly Federalist Pennsylvania Gazette, and the daily Antifederalist In- dependent Gazetteer. The semiweekly and neutral Pennsylvania Herald and the triweekly Federalist Pennsylvania Mercury also had an impact. Among the important items reprinted in Philadelphia that Marylanders could read were the eighteen numbers of The Federalist that appeared in the Pennsylvania Gazette between 14 November 1787 and 19 March 1788 From December 1787 through April 1788, Maryland newspapers, particularly the Baltimore Maryland Gazette and the Maryland Journal, reprinted many major pieces from out-of-state newspapers, with Fed- eralist items significantly exceeding Antifederalist ones. Nevertheless, Maryland newspapers reprinted several important Antifederalist items- (1) George Mason's objections to the Constitution, Massachusetts Cen- tinel, 21 November 1787 (CC:276-A); (2) Richard Henry Lee's 16 Oc- tober letter to Virginia Governor Edmund Randolph, Petersburg Vir- ginia Gazette, 6 December (CC:325); (3) Governor Edmund Randolph's 10 October letter to the speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, pamphlet, c. 27 December (CC:385); (4) New York's Constitutional Convention delegates' 21 December letter to Governor George Clinton giving their objections to the Constitution, which appeared in the New York Daily Advertiser on 14 January 1788 (CC:447); (5) Massachusetts Governor John Hancock's proposed amendments presented to the Massachusetts Convention on 31 January that were printed in the Mas- sachusetts Centinel, 2 February (RCS:Mass., 1381-82); and (6) the Mas- sachusetts Convention's recommended amendments to the Constitu- tion, 6 February, that were first printed in the Massachusetts Gazette, 8 February (CC:508 and RCS:Mass., 1468-71). Major Federalist items reprinted from out-of-state newspapers in- cluded: (1) "Landholder" II, IV-VIII (Oliver Ellsworth), Connecticut Courant and Hartford American Mercury, 12, 26 November, and 3, 10, 17, 24 December 1787 (CC:254, 295, 316, 335, 351, 371); (2) "An American" (Tench Coxe) to Richard Henry Lee, Philadelphia Indepen- dent Gazetteer, 28 December (CC:392-A); (3) "The New Roof" (Francis Hopkinson), Pennsylvania Packet, 29 December (CC:395); (4) Oliver Ellsworth's speeches in the Connecticut Convention, 4 and 7 January 103
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