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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

III. The debate over the Constitution in Maryland, 4 December 1787-29 April 1788,   pp. 101-428 ff.


Page 102

III. DEBATE OVER CONSTITUTION
Convention was in session. "A Farmer" was an extended and sometimes
harsh critique of the Federalist pamphlet by "Aristides" (see below in
this headnote). Luther Martin in his third address to Maryland's citi-
zens, Maryland Journal, 28 March, also criticized "Aristides."
Another important Antifederalist item was Luther Martin's version
of New Jersey's amendments to the Articles of Confederation that Wil-
liam Paterson, a New Jersey delegate, proposed in the Constitutional
Convention on 15 June 1787 (Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 15 February
1788). The amendments, for which there are several manuscript ver-
sions, was the work of delegates from the small states and opponents
of a national government represented by the Amended Virginia Reso-
lutions, which eventually became the basis for the Constitution (see
CDR, 247-53). The Convention rejected the New Jersey amendments
on 19 June. For a commentary on the Gazette's publication of the amend-
ments, see "AJerseyan," Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 19 February.
The principal Federalist publication was a forty-two page pamphlet
entitled Remarks on the Proposed Plan of a Federal Government. Written by
"Aristides" (Alexander Contee Hanson) and dedicated to George Wash-
ington, the pamphlet was offered for sale on 31 January. "Aristides"
defended himself against the criticisms of "A Farmer" and others in
three pieces published in the Maryland Journal on 4 March and 1 and
22 April. "A Plebeian" and "A Real Federalist," Maryland Journal, 14
and 21 March, also defended "Aristides." (See also an anonymous cri-
tique of "A Farmer" in the Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 4 March.) Al-
exander Contee Hanson also wrote "An Annapolitan," Annapolis Mary-
land Gazette, 31 January.
In three installments (Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 25, 29 January,
and 1 February), "Valerius" answered "The Dissent of the Minority of
the Pennsylvania Convention," Pennsylvania Packet, 18 December 1787
(CC:353), a piece not found in any extant Maryland newspaper but
which was probably known in Maryland through its appearance in sev-
eral Philadelphia publications. Other important Federalist essayists who
published more than two essays were "A Federalist," Baltimore Mary-
land Gazette, 1, 11, and 18 January 1788; and "A Marylander" (Otho
Holland Williams?), Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 4 December 1787, 4
January 1788, and 12 February. Williams also wrote a lengthy piece
signed "An Elector," Maryland Journal, 25 March. Lastly, two Federalist
satires appeared in the Maryland Journal: "One of the People" (25 De-
cember 1787) and "Antifederal Discoveries" (18 March 1788). For the
months covered in Part III there are more pseudonymous articles
printed in Part IV on the election of delegates to the Maryland Con-
vention.
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