Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
III. The debate over the Constitution in Maryland, 4 December 1787-29 April 1788, pp. 101-428 ff.
III. THE DEBATE OVER THE CONSTITUTION IN MARYLAND 4 December 1787-29 April 1788 Introduction After 1 December 1787, when the Maryland legislature called a state convention for April 1788, the intensity and quality of the public debate over the Constitution increased significantly in both the major original items printed in Maryland newspapers and the major articles and squibs reprinted from out-of-state newspapers. Both Federalist and Anti- federalist points of view were well represented. Part III contains about seventy-five pseudonymous pieces that origi- nated in Maryland newspapers. Around forty of these items are Anti- federalist, while slightly over thirty are Federalist. With the exception of an essay from the Annapolis Maryland Gazette, these items were printed in Baltimore either in the Maryland Gazette or the Maryland Journal. The overwhelming majority of the Antifederalist items were written by two men, the foremost being Luther Martin, one of Maryland's del- egates to the Constitutional Convention. From 28 December 1787 to 8 February 1788, Martin published in the Baltimore Maryland Gazette twelve numbers of his Genuine Information about what had occurred in the Constitutional Convention, expanding greatly on his 29 November 1787 report to the Maryland House of Delegates (RCS:Md., 87-96n). On 12 April a pamphlet edition of Genuine Information went on sale in Philadelphia. It was printed by Eleazar Oswald of the Antifederalist Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer. The pamphlet included Martin's origi- nal address to the citizens of the United States. This pamphlet appeared nine days before the meeting of the Maryland Convention. Martin also published several pieces in the Maryland Journal: (1) a letter to the printer defending Massachusetts Antifederalist Elbridge Gerry against attacks from the Connecticut "Landholder," 18 January; (2) a reply to the Maryland "Landholder No. X," 7 March; and (3) four addresses to the citizens of Maryland, 18, 21, and 28 March, and 4 April. The seven numbers of "A Farmer," perhaps written by John Francis Mercer, another of Maryland's delegates to the Constitutional Conven- tion, appeared in fourteen parts in the Baltimore Maryland Gazette from 15 February to 25 April. Numbers III and V had two parts each and VII had six parts. The last two parts of VII appeared while the Maryland 101
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