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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
(2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 95

LEGISLATURE, 29 NOVEMBER 1787
hand it was contended that a Majority ought to govern-That a dis-
solution of the Federal Government did not dissolve the State Consti-
tutions which were paramount the Confederacy. That the Federal Gov-
ernment being formed out of the State Governments the People at
large have no power to interfere in the Federal Constitution Nor has the
State or Federal Government any power to confirm a new Institution.
That this Government if ratified and Established will be immediately from
the People, paramount the Federal Constitution and operate as a dissolu-
tion of it. -
Thus Mr. Speaker [I have given to this?] Honorable House such in-
formation, as my situation enabled me to do, on the Subject of this
proposed Constitution. If I have spoke with freedom, I have done no
more than I did in Convention. I have been under no influence from
the expectation of ever enjoying any Office under it, and would gladly
yield what little I have saved by Industry, and the Emoluments of my
profession to have been able to present it to the Public in a different
form. I freely [own that it did not?] meet my approbation, [and?]
[- - -]   -- -] this House will [do?]        --- -]   --- -] believe that
[I have conducted myself?] [-- -] --- -] [-- -] [-- -] freeman
and a faithful servant of the [- - -] [- - -] [- - -] [- - -] to the
best of my judgement for the Ge[- - -] [- - -] [- - -] [- - -]
1. MS, John Leeds Bozman Family Papers, DLC. Like McHenry's speech (immediately
above), the manuscript is in the handwriting of Archibald Golder, one of the clerks of the
House of Delegates. Martin first attended the Constitutional Convention on 9 June and left
on 4 September. He was absent from 7 to 12 August. A vigorous opponent of the Consti-
tution, Martin's address to the House of Delegates was expanded and reorganized in his
"Genuine Information," a series of twelve installments printed in the Baltimore Maryland
Gazette between 28 December 1787 and 8 February 1788. For a full discussion of the pub-
lication, circulation, and impact of "Genuine Information," see the headnote to "Genuine
Information" I, Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 28 December 1787 (RCS:Md., 126n-28n).
2. For the appointments of and instructions to the delegates to the Constitutional
Convention, see CDR, 192-225, and Appendix II (RCS:Md., 780-805).
3. On 13 June the Committee of the Whole of the Convention reported the amended
Virginia resolutions, but consideration of them was postponed while the proposed amend-
ments submitted by William Paterson of New Jersey were debated. (See note 5, below.)
The Committee of Detail did not make its report until 6 August. Martin corrected this
error in the first installment of his "Genuine Information" which appeared in the Bal-
timore Maryland Gazette on 28 December (III, below). This installment includes the text
of the amended Virginia resolutions. For the resolutions, see CDR, 247-50, and Farrand,
I, 224-32, 235-37.
4. Nathaniel Gorham of Massachusetts was chairman of the Committee of the Whole.
Like Washington and Franklin, Gorham represented a large state that would gain from
the adoption of the amended Virginia resolutions.
5. On 15 June William Paterson of New Jersey, a small state, presented an alternative
to the amended Virginia resolutions consisting of several amendments to the Articles of
Confederation, which were submitted to the Convention's Committee of the Whole. At
the same time, the amended Virginia resolutions were recommitted so that the two plans
95


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