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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 94

II. STATE CONVENTION CALLED
Article 2nd.
S: 1st. A Variety of opinion prevailed on this Article-Mr. Hamilton
of New York wanted the President to be appointed by the Senate, others
by both Branches, others by the People at large-others that the States
as States ought to have an equal voice-The larger States wanted the
appointment according to numbers those who were for a one Genl.
Government, and no State Governments, were for a choice by the Peo-
ple at large, and the very persons who would not trust the Legislature
to vote by States in the Choice, from a fear of Corruption, yet con-
tended nevertheless for a Standing Army, and before this point was
finally adjusted I had left the Convention-
As to the Vice President, the larger States have a manifest influence
and will always have him of their choice. The power given to these per-
sons over the Army, and Navy, is in truth formidable, but the power of
Pardon is still more dangerous, as in all acts of Treason, the very offence
on which the prosecution would possibly arise, would most likely be in
favour of the Presidents own power.-
Some would gladly have given the appointment of Ambassadors and
Judges to the Senate; some were for vesting this power in the Legisla-
ture by joint ballot, as being most likely to know the Merrit of Individ-
uals over this extended empire. But as the President is to nominate,
the person chosen must be ultimately his choice and he will thus have
an army of civil officers as well as Military-If he is guilty of misconduct
and impeached for it by the first branch of the Legislature he must be
tried in the second, and if he keeps an interest in the large States, he
will always escape punishment-The impeachment can rarely come from
the second branch, who are his Council and will be under his influence.
S: 3rd. It was highly reasonable that Treason against the United States
should be defined; resistence in some cases is necessary and a Man
might be a Traitor to the General Government in obeying the Laws of
his own State, a Clause was therefore proposed that wherever any State
entered into Contest with the General Governmt. that during such Civil
War, the general Law of Nations, as between Independant States should
be the governing rule between them; and that no Citizen in such case
of the said State should be deemed guilty of Treason, for acting against
the General Government, in Conformity to the Laws of the State of
which he was a member: but this was rejected.-
Article 6th.
The ratification of this Constitution is so repugnent to the Terms on
which we are all bound to amend and alter the former, that it became
a matter of surprise to many that the proposition could meet with any
countenance or support. Our present Constitution expressly directs that
all the States must agree before it can be dissolved; but on the other
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