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Kaminski, John P.; Saladino, Gaspare J.; Moore, Timothy D. (Historian); Lannér-Cusin, Johanna E.; Schoenleber, Charles H.; Reid, Jonathan M.; Flamingo, Margaret R.; Fields, David P. (ed.) / Ratification of the Constitution by the states: Maryland (1)
11 (2015)

II. The Maryland General Assembly calls a state convention, 23 November-1 December 1787,   pp. 68-100


Page 89

LEGISLATURE, 29 NOVEMBER 1787
of governments they ought to have an equal Representation. On the
contrary it was urged by the unhappy Advocates of the Jersey System
that all people were equally Free, and had an equal Voice if they could
meet in a general Assembly of the whole. But because one Man was
stronger it afforded no reason why he might injure another, nor be-
cause ten leagued together, they should have the power to injure five;
this would destroy all equallity. That each State when formed, was in a
State of Nature as to others, and had the same rights as Individuals in
a State of Nature-If the State Government had equal Authority, it was
the same as if Individuals were present, because the State Governments
originated and flowed from the Individuals that compose the State-
and the Liberty of each State was what each Citizen enjoyed in his own
State and no inconvenience had yet been experienced from the in-
equality of representation in the present Federal Government. Taxation
and representation go hand and hand, on the principle alone that,
none should be taxed who are not represented; But as to the Quantum,
those who possess the property pay only in proportion to the protection
they receive-The History of all Nations and sense of Mankind shew,
that in all former Confederacies every State had an equal voice. Moral
History points out the necessity that each State should vote equally-
In the Cantons of Switzerland those of Be [r] ne & Lucerne have more
Territory than all the others, yet each State, has an equal voice in the
General Assembly. The Congress in forming the Confederacy adopted
this rule on the principle of Natural right-Virginia then objected.
This Federal Government was submitted to the consideration of the
Legislatures of the respective States and all of them proposed some
amendments;8 but not one that this part should be altered. Hence we
are in possession of the General Voice of America on this subject.-
When baffled by reason the larger States possitively refused to yield-
the lesser refused to confederate, and called on their opponents to
declare what security they could give to abide by any plan or form of
Government that could now be devised-The same reasons that now
exist to abolish the old, might be urged hereafter to overthrow the New
Government, and as the methods of reform prescribed by the former
were now utterly disregarded, as little ceremony might be used in dis-
carding the latter-It was further objected that the large States would
be continually increasing in numbers, and consequently their influence
in the National Assembly would increase also: That their extensive Ter-
ritories were guaranteed and we might be drawn out to defend the
enormous extent of those States, and encrease and establish that power
intended in time to enslave ourselves-Threats were thrown out to
compel the lesser States to confederate-They were told this would be
89


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