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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XVII: The Kingdom of Cyprus, 1191-1291,   pp. 599-629 PDF (17.1 MB)


Page 601

Ch.XVII THE KINGDOM OF CYPRUS, 1191—1291 601 
their refusal, denied them supplies of fresh water. At this juncture, Richard
with the rest of his fleet arrived from Rhodes (May 6). 
 Within a month the whole island had fallen to Richard.3 On May 1 2 he married
Berengaria at Limassol and had her crowned queen of England. At Famagusta
envoys arrived from Philip Augustus to press Richard to hurry on to Acre,
but the latter sent word: 
' Twas vain to urge him on to haste; 
The words they spake were but a waste. 
Himself had made swift action, 
And, having with the Greeks begun, 
The half of Russia's wealth he'd spurn 
Before to Syria he would turn 
Till he had crushed the Cypriot 
From whose isle rich supplies are got.4 
During the conquest Guy of Lusignan, anxious to gain Richard's support against
Philip Augustus and the party of Conrad of Mont ferrat, arrived with a contingent
from the mainland. Familiar with the "passable roads and difficult places"
of the island,5 he helped in the reduction of the great northern castles
of Kyrenia, Kantara, Buffavento, and St. Hilarion (Dieudamour to the Franks).
 When Isaac was captured, he asked Richard, according to the popular legend,
not to place him in irons. Richard, accordingly, turned him over in silver
chains to the custody of the Hospitallers, who imprisoned him in their castle
of al-Marqab until shortly before his death, probably in 1 1 95. With all
Cyprus in his hands, including enormous booty, Richard sailed for Acre on
June 5, after appointing Richard de Camville and Robert of Turnham to administer
the island, with orders to send supplies to Syria. There after "the Franks
received reinforcements by sea, as well food as soldiers and arms, to such
an extent that fresh vegetables and early fruits were sent to them from the
island of Cyprus and arrived within forty-eight hours." 6 
 The Cypriotes, embittered by the despotic rule of Isaac, had put up little
opposition to Richard, but they were speedily dis illusioned. Neophytus,
the saintly hermit of the Enkleistra, in a 
 8 See Hill, History of Cyprus, I, 317 ff. and notes for variant versions
of the conquest, which is discussed in the context of the Third Crusade in
chapter II, above, pp. 62—64. 
 4 Ambroise, The Crusade of Richard Lion-Heart (tr. and ed. M. J. Hubert
and J. L. LaMonte, Records of Civilization, XXXIV, New York, 1941), lines
1895—1902. 
  Itinerarium perigrinorum et gesta regis Ricardi, in Chronicles and Memorials
of the Reign of Richard I (ed. W. Stubbs, 2 vols., Rolls Series, XXXVIII),
I, 202. 
  Kamal-ad-Din, Zubdat al-halab ft ta'rikh Halab, tr. and ed. E. Blochet,
"L'Histoire d'Alep," ROL, IV (1896), 195. 


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