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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XVI: The Crusader states, 1243-1291,   pp. 556-598 PDF (13.9 MB)


Page 597

Ch. XVI THE CRUSADER STATES, 1243—1291 597 
He added that as a tribute to the king, who was so young and so ill, he would
spare the lives of the defenders. All that he wanted was the place. As he
spoke, a stray catapult-stone fell among the bystanders. Al-Ashraf in his
rage wanted to kill the envoys, but was persuaded to send them back to Acre.
 By May 8 the barbican of king Hugh was so badly damaged that it had to be
abandoned. On May 1 5 the outer wall of the tower of king Henry collapsed,
and the Mamluks passed in over its ruins. The towers on either side, that
of St. Nicholas to the south and those of the English and the countess of
Blois on the west, were already undermined. The defense was forced back to
the inner enceinte. A fierce attack on St. Anthony's gate, where the wall
of Montmusart met the city wall, was beaten back by the Templars. 
 The sultan ordered a general assault for the morning of Friday the i 8th.
It was launched against the whole length of the walls from St. Anthony's
gate to the bay of Acre on the south, but con centrated on the "accursed
tower" at the salient. Wave after wave of turbaned assailants were hurled
against the walls to the din of trumpets and drums and battlecries. It was
not long before the tower fell and the royal troops were pushed back on to
the Templars. There they made a stand. The Hospitallers came up to their
sup port, but neither Templars nor Hospitallers could recover any lost ground.
The enemy poured into the city, cutting off John of Grailly and Otto of Grandison
on the eastern wall. There was furious fighting in the streets, but Acre
was lost. King Henry and his brother Amairic managed to reach a ship at the
quay. The master of the Hospital was carried wounded and protesting by his
followers to another ship. The master of the Temple was taken mortally wounded
to the buildings of the Temple. John of Grailly was severely wounded, and
led by Otto of Grandison to a Venetian ship. There was a ghastly panic on
the quays. The aged patriarch, Nicholas of Hannapes, was rowed out towards
a ship in the roadstead, but he allowed so many refugees to crowd into his
boat that it sank and he was drowned. The Templar Roger de Flor managed to
seize a ship and made a fortune out of the money that he extracted from the
noble ladies to whom he gave refuge. No one knew how many people perished,
drowned or slaughtered by the Moslems. Very few lives were spared. The number
of prisoners taken was com paratively small. 
 By evening all Acre was in the sultan's hands, except for the Templar building
which jutted out into the sea at the southwest corner of the city. There
several knights and a number of civilians 


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