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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311

XVI: The Crusader states, 1243-1291,   pp. 556-598 PDF (13.9 MB)

Page 593

 Ch.XVI THE CRUSADER STATES, 1243—1291 593 
galley with prince Amairic and the two marshals, but there were few other
survivors of the general massacre that followed. A few refugees rowed across
to the tiny island of St. Thomas, off the point, but the Mamluk cavalry crossed
the shallow water after them and slew them all. Their corpses were left to
rot in the sun.87 
 A few days later the sultan's troops occupied Botron and Nephin. All that
was left of the county of Tripoli was Jubail, whose lord, Peter Embriaco,
was allowed to remain there under strict Moslem supervision for another eight
or nine years.88 
 The fall of Tripoli presaged an attack on Acre. Yet its citizens could not
believe that the sultan would really eliminate a center which was of commercial
convenience to everyone. King Henry had gone to Acre, and there he received
envoys from Kalavun, who reproached him for having broken his truce by going
to the rescue of Tripoli. He replied that, if Tripoli had been included in
the truce, the sultan had no right to attack it. His excuse was accepted,
and a new truce, in which the lady of Tyre joined, was signed for ten years,
ten months, and ten days. But Henry had lost confidence in the sultan's word.
Before he returned to Cyprus in September, leaving his brother Amairic as
bailie, he sent John of Grailly to the west to beg for urgent help.89 
 John of Grailly obtained sympathy but no material response in the west.
The Genoese, who had suffered serious losses at Tripoli, had countered by
attacking Egyptian merchant shipping and raiding the Delta village of at-Tinah.
But when Kalavun closed Alexandria to them, they hastened to make peace.
When their envoys came to Cairo, they found embassies from both the German
and the Byzantine emperors waiting upon the sultan. 90 The Vene tians had
not much regretted the fall of Tripoli but were nervous for Acre, where they
held the commercial hegemony. They agreed to send twenty galleys, under Nicholas
Tiepolo. The pope entrusted him and John of Grailly and Hugh of Sully, who
sailed with him, with a thousand pieces of gold each. His fleet was joined
by five galleys sent by king James of Aragon. The only other answer to the
 87 Gestes des Chiprois, 474—477 (pp. 802—804); Annales Januenses,
pp. 322—326; Amadi, Chronique, p. 218; Auria, Annales (MGH, SS., XVIII),
p. 324; al-Maqrizi, Al-khitat, II, i, 101-103; Abü-l-Fidä', Kitcib
al-mukhtasar (RHC, Or., I), pp. 163—164. 
 88 Sanudo, Liber secretorum, p. 230; al-Maqrizi, Al-khitat, II, 103—104.
For Jubail, see Grousset, Histoire des croisades, III, 745, note 3. 
 89 Gestes des Chiprois, 479 (p. 804); Amadi, loc. cit.; Odorico Rinaldi
("Raynaldus"), Annales ecciesiastici post Baronium ab anno 1198 usque ad
annum 1565, XIV (Cologne, 1692), 421 (ad. ann. 1289, cap. 68). 
 90 Heyd, Histoire du commerce du Levant, I, 416—418. 

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