University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XI: The Fifth Crusade,   pp. 376-428 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 388

388 A HISTORY OF THE CRUSADES 
together with many crusaders from Hungary.32 The ships sailed from various
Adriatic ports to the port of embarkation, Spalato. Supply trains moved overland,
followed by large numbers of the German settlers of Transylvania, the so-called
Siebenburgen Saxons. 
 On August 23, 1217, Andrew, accompanied by a brilliant retinue, arrived
at Spalato and was received with pomp and ceremony by the clergy and citizens.
As the procession approached, the clergy, clad in silken vestments and bearing
censers and crosses, came out to welcome the king. In the church of St. Dom
nius mass was celebrated. Thomas, archdeacon of Spalato, who describes these
events in great detail, relates that the citizens, as a gesture of hospitality,
permitted the crusaders to take over their homes in the suburbs of the city.
Because of the huge numbers, however, many were compelled to pitch their
tents in the surround ing country. The king was deeply moved by the hospitality
and generosity of both the clergy and the citizens. In return he offered
them as a gift the neighboring castle of Clissa, together with the island
in front of it. But they declined, because of the heavy obliga tions which
its maintenance would impose upon them, and there fore Andrew bestowed the
castle upon the Templars. So great was the number of crusaders, more than
10,000 mounted men and an unknown number of foot-soldiers, that Andrew and
the main body of the crusaders had to wait several weeks for enough ships
to transport them. Many knights had to return home or make plans for sailing
the following spring. 
 Duke Leopold of Austria, however, embarked immediately after his arrival
in Spalato, and reached Acre after an exceptionally rapid voyage of sixteen
days.33 He had sent an embassy inviting Bohe mond IV of Antioch to meet him,
and Bohemond, together with his chief vassals, appeared in answer to the
invitation. Two German knights were sent to urge Andrew to hasten his embarkation.
Meanwhile king Hugh I of Cyprus and his chief vassals and prelates landed
at Acre with a large following of Turcopoles, or mounted natives. Shortly
afterwards king Andrew arrived. At Acre were assembled the dignitaries of
Jerusalem, including the king, John of Brienne, the patriarch, Ralph of Mérencourt,
and many others, both laymen and clerics. Military leaders included duke
 32 Ex Thomae historia pontjflcum Salonitanorum et Sjalatinorum (MGH, SS.,
XXIX), pp. ff., is the chief source for the following account. Otto's sister
Gertrude had been Andrew's first wife; his sister Agnes had been the third
wife of Philip II of France. See also Röhricht, Funft. Kreuz., p. 24.
  Röhricht, Funft. Kreuz., p. 25. 


Go up to Top of Page