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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
(1969)

XI: The Fifth Crusade,   pp. 376-428 PDF (13.1 MB)


Page 383

Ch. XI THE FIFTH CRUSADE 383 
example. All clerics who accompanied the armies were to receive the income
from their benefices for three years, even if their properties had previously
been encumbered by mortgages. 
 The apostolic see, which had already appropriated 30,000 pounds to be used
in the orient, pledged itself still further to supply equip ment and ships
for the Roman crusaders and an additional 3,000 marks. The pope mentioned
other large sums which were to be paid through the masters of the Temple
and the Hospital. In order to obtain other contributions, the pope and the
priests of Rome were to pledge a tenth of their incomes. The clergy in general
and the religious orders, with the exception of the Premonstratensians, Cistercians,
and Cluniacs, who had already been taxed in support of the Albigensian or
other crusades, were to pay a twentieth of their incomes for a period of
three years. Those refusing to do so would be excommunicated. 
 As financial officers, the pope used Aimard, treasurer of the Temple in
Paris; Martin, the chamberlain of the Temple; John, the marshal of the Hospitallers,
and other representatives in the Holy Land; king John of Jerusalem; and the
masters of the Tern plars and Hospitallers.19 Among the last letters of Innocent
III, one addressed to Aimard and another to king John of Jerusalem and the
masters advised them that he was sending 9,000 pounds sterling for use in
the Holy Land.20 
 The crusaders themselves were to be freed from all other tax obligations,
from rents, and from importuning by Jewish money lenders, and were to receive
the special protection of the pope, or of their immediate patrons, until
their return home. Maritime trade with the Moslems was to be suspended during
four years and severe penalties were to be imposed upon those who engaged
in piracy and those who were found selling munitions or essential building
materials to the enemy. Finally, special measures applying to the nobility
compelled a general peace for four years and forbade the holding of tournaments
during a period of three years. All crusaders were to be granted plenary
indulgence. Innocent also authorized Ralph of Mérencourt, the patriarch
of Jerusalem, to serve as legate in the province of Jerusalem after the arrival
of the crusading army. In order to protect Ralph against attacks from Saracen
galleys on his return trip to Palestine, the pope called upon John of Brienne,
king of Jerusalem, to provide the necessary escort. 
 19 Röhricht, Funft. Kreuz., p. so and note 66. Concerning Aimard see
Delisle, "Mémoire sur les operations financières des templiers,"
p. z8, and especially pp. 61 ff. William of Chartres was master of the Temple;
Garin of Montaigu, of the Hospital. 
 20 A. Potthast, Regestapontjficum Romanorum, I (Berlin, 1874), nos. 5180
and 5209. 


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