Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311
VI: The Latin Empire of Constantinople, 1204-1261, pp. 186-233 PDF (13.5 MB)
Ch. VI THE LATIN EMPIRE OF CONSTANTINOPLE 191 The establishment of the kingdom of Thessalonica and the Venetian purchase of Crete were the initial features of a new territorial settlement. In October 1204 came a wholesale division of Byzantine territory, set forth in a second major treaty, the work of twenty-four commissioners, twelve Venetians and twelve non-Venetians. <3> This pact divided the Byzantine Empire into three major shares: one for the Latin emperor (presumably one quarter), and one each for the Venetians and the non-Venetian crusaders, presumably three eighths apiece. The portion of each beneficiary was then further subdivided into a share near Constantinople and a share more remote. Near the capital, the emperor received a small, roughly triangular piece of territory, the easternmost extension of Thrace, including Constantinople itself, a strip of Black Sea coast running as far north as Agathopolis, and a strip of Marmara coast-line running almost as far west as Heraclea. The Venetians received the remaining coast-line of the Marmara from Heraclea almost to the end of the Gallipoli peninsula, and a strip of territory extending inland to include Adrianople. The non-Venetian crusaders got the tip of the Gallipoli peninsula, and land in Thrace on both sides of the Venetian corridor from the Marmara to Adrianople: south of the corridor their holdings extended west along the Aegean to the boundary of the kingdom of Thessalonica (the Maritsa); north of the corridor the crusaders got a small enclave between the imperial and Venetian territories. Far from the capital, the emperor received Asia Minor and the Aegean islands of Lemnos, Lesbos, Chios, Scyros, Samos, Samo thrace, and Tenos. Venice received the entire east coast of the Adriatic, including places deep in the interior of Albania and Epirus, the Ionian islands, the entire Morea, both shores of the Gulf of Corinth, Salamis, points at both ends of Euboea (the island of Negroponte), Aegina, and the Aegean island of Andros. The crusaders received Macedonia between the Vardar river and 3 The text is in Tafel and Thomas, Urkunden, I, 464-501, also a useful introduction and geographical commentary; see also G. L. F. Tafel, "Symbolarum criticarum geographiam Byzantinam spectantium partes duae: II," Abhandlungen der historiscken Klasse der k. Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, V (1848); W. Tomaschek, "Zur Kunde der Hämus-Halbinsel," Sitzungsberichte der Wiener Akademie der Wissenschaften, XCIX (1882), 437-507, and CXIII (1886), 285-373; and "Zur historischen Topographic von Kleinasien im Mittelalter," ibid., CXXIV (1891), section 8; K. von Spruner and T. Menke, Handatlas für die Geschichte des Mittelalters und der neueren Zeit (Gotha, (1880), pp. 40-41; further commentary in L. de Thalloczy, C. Jirecek, and E. de Sufflay, Acta et diplomata res Albaniae mediae aetatis illustrantia, I (Vienna, 1913), 41 ff.; and D. A. Zakythinos, "MfXE'ra~ 2r pi 8ioaa~ti~jr &a~pE'oEws~ ica~ r~r ~i~-ap~1l~jg &ou('4aEwr ~v r4~ Bu~av'rLv~ icpfre~," 'Eir ri7p~c r,~c 'Era~pdas' r&v Bv~avnv&v ov&Zw, XXI (1951), 179-217; XXII (1952), 159-182.
Copyright 1969 The Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. All rights reserved. Use of this material falling outside the purview of "fair use" requires the permission of the University of Wisconsin Press. To buy the paperback book, see: http://www.wisc.edu/wisconsinpress/books/1733.htm