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Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311

VI: The Latin Empire of Constantinople, 1204-1261,   pp. 186-233 PDF (13.5 MB)

Page 191

 The establishment of the kingdom of Thessalonica and the Venetian purchase
of Crete were the initial features of a new territorial settlement. In October
1204 came a wholesale division of Byzantine territory, set forth in a second
major treaty, the work of twenty-four commissioners, twelve Venetians and
twelve non-Venetians. <3> This pact divided the Byzantine Empire into
three major shares: one for the Latin emperor (presumably one quarter), and
one each for the Venetians and the non-Venetian crusaders, presumably three
eighths apiece. The portion of each beneficiary was then further subdivided
into a share near Constantinople and a share more remote. 
 Near the capital, the emperor received a small, roughly triangular piece
of territory, the easternmost extension of Thrace, including Constantinople
itself, a strip of Black Sea coast running as far north as Agathopolis, and
a strip of Marmara coast-line running almost as far west as Heraclea. The
Venetians received the remaining coast-line of the Marmara from Heraclea
almost to the end of the Gallipoli peninsula, and a strip of territory extending
inland to include Adrianople. The non-Venetian crusaders got the tip of the
Gallipoli peninsula, and land in Thrace on both sides of the Venetian corridor
from the Marmara to Adrianople: south of the corridor their holdings extended
west along the Aegean to the boundary of the kingdom of Thessalonica (the
Maritsa); north of the corridor the crusaders got a small enclave between
the imperial and Venetian territories. 
 Far from the capital, the emperor received Asia Minor and the Aegean islands
of Lemnos, Lesbos, Chios, Scyros, Samos, Samo thrace, and Tenos. Venice received
the entire east coast of the Adriatic, including places deep in the interior
of Albania and Epirus, the Ionian islands, the entire Morea, both shores
of the Gulf of Corinth, Salamis, points at both ends of Euboea (the island
of Negroponte), Aegina, and the Aegean island of Andros. The crusaders received
Macedonia between the Vardar river and 
 3 The text is in Tafel and Thomas, Urkunden, I, 464-501, also a useful introduction
and geographical commentary; see also G. L. F. Tafel, "Symbolarum criticarum
geographiam Byzantinam spectantium partes duae: II," Abhandlungen der
historiscken Klasse der k. Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, V (1848);
W. Tomaschek, "Zur Kunde der Hämus-Halbinsel," Sitzungsberichte
der Wiener Akademie der Wissenschaften, XCIX (1882), 437-507, and CXIII (1886),
285-373; and "Zur historischen Topographic von Kleinasien im Mittelalter,"
ibid., CXXIV (1891), section 8; K. von Spruner and T. Menke, Handatlas für
die Geschichte des Mittelalters und der neueren Zeit (Gotha, (1880), pp.
40-41; further commentary in L. de Thalloczy, C. Jirecek, and E. de Sufflay,
Acta et diplomata res Albaniae mediae aetatis illustrantia, I (Vienna, 1913),
41 ff.; and D. A. Zakythinos, "MfXE'ra~ 2r pi 8ioaa~ti~jr &a~pE'oEws~
ica~ r~r ~i~-ap~1l~jg &ou('4aEwr ~v r4~ Bu~av'rLv~ icpfre~," 'Eir ri7p~c
r,~c 'Era~pdas' r&v Bv~avnv&v ov&Zw, XXI (1951), 179-217; XXII
(1952), 159-182. 

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