University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The History Collection

Page View

Wolff, R. L.; Hazard, H. W. (ed.) / Volume II: The later Crusades, 1189-1311

II: The Third Crusade: Richard the Lionhearted and Philip Augustus,   pp. 44-85 PDF (16.9 MB)

Page 69

Turkish attack was repulsed. Once more Saladin discovered that his horsemen
could not break a line of infantry, especially when it was protected by a
ditch. The next day he withdrew his troops and proceeded to ravage the neighboring
countryside so that it could not supply the crusaders after their capture
of Acre. On July 6 Richard was well enough to be carried out to direct an
attack on the walls by his troops. Each day the crusaders assaulted the walls,
and each day they were repulsed, but the garrison of Acre grew steadily weaker
from losses and simple exhaustion. On July 11 the garrison repulsed a great
assault by the English and Pisans. The next day they asked for terms of surrender.40
 The contemporary writers agree on the chief items in the terms offered the
garrison of Acre, but, as usual, vary widely on the exact figures involved.
The lives of the garrison were to be spared. The True Cross was to be returned
to the Christians, and a large number of Christian prisoners were to be released.
The statements about the number of prisoners to be freed are irreconcilable
- the most reliable source seems to be Richard's own statement that he was
to receive 1,500. The sultan was to pay a heavy ransom, probably 200,000
dinars, for the garrison. The troops in Acre were to give hostages to guarantee
the carrying out of this agreement.41 
 In accordance with their agreement to share all conquests, Philip and Richard
divided Acre between them. Philip took the castle for his residence while
Richard reserved for himself the house of the Templars. Each appointed his
own commander for his part of the city - Dreux of Mello for Philip and Hugh
of Gournay for Richard. The nobles and knights of the crusading host occupied
the houses of the city. This led to immediate difficulties. The Christian
citizens of Acre who had been expelled by Saladin demanded their property.
It was finally agreed that the citizens should have possession of their houses,
but must lodge the crusaders as guests. Another important task was the purification
of the churches of Acre, which had been defiled by being in the possession
of the "infidel". This was carried out on July 16 by the papal
legate with the assistance of the prelates of the host.42 
 After the fall of Acre king Philip had but one burning desire - to go home
as quickly as possible. In order to understand this wish 
 40 Baha'-ad-Din, pp. 251-266; Gibb MS.; Eracles, p. 172; Rigord, pp. 109,
115; Gesta, II, 173-174; Estoire, pp. 194-216; Itinerarium, pp. 220-232.
 41 Ibid.; Estoire, p. 217; Hoveden, III, 131; Devizes, p. 427; Bahã'-ad-Din,
p. 266; Diceto, II, 94; Eracles, p. 173; Gesta, II, 178-179. 
 42 Gesta, pp. 179-181; Eracles, pp. 175-176; Bernard le Trésorier,
pp. 274-275. 

Go up to Top of Page